Abadir Umar Ar-Rida

Sheikh Abadir Umar Ar-Rida (English: Abaadir Umar Ar-Rida, Arabic: أبادير عمر بن رضا‎), also known as Fiqi Umar and Abadir Musa Warwaje'le, was a 13th century Muslim cleric and patron saint of the city of Harar in modern-day Ethiopia. He is regarded as the immediate common ancestor of the Somali Sheekhaal clan and the Harari people. Ar-Rida is the main figure in the Fath Madinat Harar, an unpublished history of the city of Harar in the 13th century. According to the account, Ar-Rida, along with several other saints, came from the Hijaz region of present-day Saudi Arabia to Harar in 612H (1216 AD). He was subsequently appointed Sheikh by the town's residents. In the following years, Sheikh Ar-Rida fought several battles against King Karbinal bin Mahrawal, his son Jurniyal, daughter Markanis and brother Sayadar. Ar-Rida is also mentioned in the lists of Emirs of Harar (the first 391-405H (1000–1014 AD), second 405-411H (1014-1021 AD), and third 458-459H (1065-1067 AD)). The Somali Sheekhaal clan and the Harari people both trace immediate descent to Sheikh Ar-Rida, the latter of whom is also known as Fiqi Umar.

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