Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten Philosopher

Alexander gottlieb baumgarten

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten (July 17, 1714 – May 26, 1762) was a German philosopher. Baumgarten was born in Berlin as the fifth of seven sons of the pietist pastor of the garrison, Jacob Baumgarten and his wife Rosina Elisabeth. Both his parents died early and he was taught by Martin Georg Christgau where he learned Hebrew and became interested in Latin Poetry. Whilst words may change their meaning through cultural developments anyway, Baumgarten's reappraisal of aesthetics is often seen as the key moment in the development of aesthetic philosophy. Previously the word had merely meant 'sensibility' or 'responsiveness to stimulation of the senses' in its use by ancient writers. With the development of art as a commercial enterprise linked to the rise of a nouveau riche class across Europe, the purchasing of art inevitably lead to the question, 'what is good art'. Baumgarten developed aesthetics to mean the study of good and bad "taste," thus good and bad art, linking good taste with beauty. By trying to develop an idea of good and bad taste, he also in turn generated philosophical debate around this new meaning of aesthetics.

Personal details

Date of birth
July 17th, 1714
Place of birth
Berlin, Germany
Date of death
May 26th, 1762 at age of 47
Place of death
Frankfurt (Oder)
Places lived
Berlin , Germany
pop. 3,520,061 (2012)




1. Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg Colleges/University

The Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg (German: Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg), also referred to as MLU, is a public, research-oriented university in the cities of Halle and Wittenberg within Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. MLU offers German and international (English) courses leading to academic degrees such as B.A., B.Sc., M.A., M.Sc., Ph.D., D.Sc., and Habilitation.

Type Public university
Institution colors
Universitätsplatz 10, 06108 - Halle, Saxony-Anhalt
Official web page
Wikipedia article

Institution social analysis

Notable alumni by career
Notable alumni by gender

People attended Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg connected by profession and/or age

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Check Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten on wikipedia.

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