Alney McLean U.S. Congressperson
Alney McLean (June 10, 1779 – December 30, 1841) was a United States Representative from Kentucky. McLean County, Kentucky is named in his honor. McLean was born to Ephraim and Eliza (Davidson) McLean in Burke County, North Carolina on June 10, 1779. He pursued preparatory studies. In 1820, Ephraim McLean moved the family to Muhlenberg County, Kentucky. At age twenty, he moved to Kentucky and was appointed surveyor of Muhlenberg County, Kentucky. In this capacity, he laid out Greenville, Kentucky, the county seat, and was elected a the trustee of that city when it was formed in 1799. On November 16, 1805, McLean married Tabitha Russell Campbell, daughter of Revolutionary War general William Campbell; the couple had ten children. One of McLean's grandsons, William C. McLean, became an Associate Justice of the Mississippi Supreme Court. McLean studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1805 and commenced practice in Greenville. He showed little interest in politics until at least 1808. He was first elected to office in 1812, representing Muhlenberg County in the Kentucky House of Representatives from 1812 to 1813.
The term "Democratic-Republican Party", is the name used primarily by modern political scientists for the first "Republican Party", also known as the "Jeffersonian Republicans." Historians usually use "Republican Party." It was the second political party in the United States, and was organized by then United States Secretary of State, Thomas Jefferson and his friend and compatriot James Madison, in 1791-93, to oppose the Federalist Party run by Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton. The new party controlled the Presidency and Congress, and most states, from 1801 to 1825, during the First Party System. Starting about 1791 one faction in Congress, many of whom had been opposed to the new Constitution, began calling themselves Republicans in the Second United States Congress. People at the time used the name Republican in mentioning the Republican Party of this period and the first two decades of the 19th Century. The Republican Party split after the 1824 presidential election into two parties: the Democratic Party and the short-lived National Republican Party.