Alpheus P. Hodges (1821 - July 29, 1858) was the first mayor of Los Angeles after the city was incorporated on April 4, 1850. However, he was preceded by Stephen C. Foster, who was the first mayor under American rule.
Hodges was originally a physician, but served as both the mayor and coroner of Los Angeles from 1850 to 1851. At that time, the population of the city was only 1,610. A native of Virginia, he became mayor of the new city at age 28. He served as mayor for only a year, that being the term of the office at that time. He later returned to Virginia, and died in Alexandria at the home of his father on July 29, 1858. He was aged 36 years and ten months.