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Alulim

Person

Alulim was the first king of Eridu, and the first king of Sumer, according to the Sumerian King List, presumably making him the first recorded king in the world. Enki, the god of Eridu, or his mortal son Adapa, are said to have brought civilization to Sumer at this point, or just shortly before. The Sumerian King List has the following entry for Alulim: In a chart of antediluvian generations in Babylonian and Biblical traditions, Professor William Wolfgang Hallo associates Alulim with the composite half-man, half-fish counselor or culture hero (Apkallu) Uanna-Adapa (Oannes), and suggests an equivalence between Alulim and Enosh in the Sethite genealogy given in Genesis chapter 5. Hallo notes that Alulim's name means "Stag". Shea suggests that the historical Alulim (king of Eridu which may be biblical Eden) may be the same man as the biblical Adam. Hess elaborates that there are three different ways the Hebrew word "adam" is used in Genesis. "Adam" can be the generic term for mankind in general, a male in particular, or as a title, as is seen in ancient Near Eastern parallels where the lu-sign for ruler means "man". The Sumerian and the Hebrew Adam are similar in usage; both can mean  ( Wikipedia article )

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