Chris Hani

Politician from South Africa

Chris Hani, born Martin Thembisile Hani (28 June 1942 – 10 April 1993) was the leader of the South African Communist Party and chief of staff of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC). He was a fierce opponent of the apartheid government. He was assassinated on 10 April 1993. Hani was born on 28 June 1942 in the small town of Cofimvaba in a rural village called kuSabalele Transkei. He was the fifth of six children. He attended Lovedale school and later studied modern and classical literature at the University of Fort Hare. Hani, in an interview on the Wankie campaign, also mentions that he is a Rhodes University graduate. At age 15 Hani joined the ANC Youth League. As a student he was active in protests against the Bantu Education Act. Following his graduation, he joined Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), the armed wing of the ANC. Following his arrest under the Suppression of Communism Act, he went into exile in Lesotho in 1963. He received military training in the Soviet Union and served in campaigns in the Rhodesian Bush War in what is now Zimbabwe. Though the combined operations of MK and ZIPRA in the late 1960s were a military failure, they consolidated  ( Wikipedia article )


Personal facts

Known as
Martin Thembisile Hani
Date of birth
Place of birth
South Africa
Limpho Hani
Lindiwe Hani Nomakhwezi Hani Neo Hani

Political career

Party From To
African National Congress
South African Communist Party


Institution From To
Rhodes University 1962
University of Fort Hare 1959 1961


Date of death
Cause of death
Place of death
Boksburg, Gauteng

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