Claude Elwood Shannon

Mathematician from United States of America

Claude Elwood Shannon (April 30, 1916 — February 24, 2001) was an American mathematician, electronic engineer, and cryptographer known as "The father of Information Theory". Shannon is famous for having founded Information Theory with one landmark paper that he published in 1948. However, he is also credited with founding both digital computer and digital circuit design theory in 1937, when, as a 21-year-old master's degree student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), he wrote his thesis demonstrating that electrical applications of boolean algebra could construct and resolve any logical, numerical relationship. It has been claimed that this was the most important master's thesis of all time. Shannon contributed to the field of cryptanalysis for national defense during World War II, including his basic work on codebreaking and secure telecommunications. Shannon was born in Petoskey, Michigan. His father, Claude, Sr. (1862 – 1934), a descendant of early settlers of New Jersey, was a self-made businessman, and for a while, a Judge of Probate. Shannon's mother, Mabel Wolf Shannon (1890 – 1945), the daughter of German immigrants, was a language teacher, and for a number  ( Wikipedia article )


Personal facts

Known as
Claude E. Shannon,Claude Shannon
Date of birth
Place of birth
United States of America
Electrical engineer, Mathematician, Scientist, Engineer, Computer Scientist


Institution From To
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
University of Michigan


Date of death
Cause of death
Alzheimer's disease
Place of death

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