Cut Nyak Dhien or Tjoet Nja' Dhien (Lampadang, 1850 – November 6, 1908, Sumedang) was a leader of the Acehnese guerilla forces during the Aceh War. Following the death of her husband Teuku Umar, she lead guerrilla actions against the Dutch for 25 years. She was awarded the title of National Hero of Indonesia on May 2, 1964.
Cut Nyak Dhien was born into an Islamic aristocratic family in Aceh Besar in VI mukim district in 1848. Her father, Teuku Nanta Setia, was a member of the ruling Ulèë Balang aristocratic class in VI mukim, and her mother was also from an aristocrat family. She was educated in religion and household matters. She was renowned for her beauty, and many men proposed to her until her parents arranged for her marriage to Teuku Cek Ibrahim Lamnga, the son of aristocrat family, when she was twelve.
On 26 March 1873, Dutch declared war on Aceh, beginning the Aceh War. During the first part of this war, the First Aceh Expedition, Aceh was led by Panglima Polem and Sultan Machmud Syah. The Dutch army sent 3000 soldiers led by Johan Harmen Rudolf Köhler to take the Sultan's palace.