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David R. Hawkins

Person from United States of America

David R. Hawkins is an American author on applied kinesiology. Hawkins earned a B.S. in pre-med from Marquette University (1950) and received a medical degree (M.D) from the Medical College of Wisconsin (1953). Hawkins's 1995 doctorate of philosophy is sometimes called into question due to the questionable nature of the school, Columbia Pacific University which had its approval revoked in December 1997. Mainstream scientists and scientific skeptics, notably the author of The Skeptic's Dictionary, Robert Todd Carroll, state that applied kinesiology's results are triggered by the ideomotor effect and recognize Hawkins' use of applied kinesiology to be a pseudoscience when scrutinized with the scientific method. This is evidenced by double-blind studies, including some that found applied kinesiology to be "no more useful than random guessing", as well as additional research and reviews contained in the National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health. Chiropractic researchers who reviewed the studies that came out of International College of Applied Kinesiology concluded that "no valid conclusions could be drawn concerning their report of findings".  ( Wikipedia article )

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Personal facts

Known as
David Hawkins
Date of birth
1927-06-03
Nationality
United States of America

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