Yelena Gorchakova Olympic athlete
Yelena Yegorovna Gorchakova (Russian: Еле́на Его́ровна Горчако́ва; May 17, 1933 – January 27, 2002) was a Soviet athlete who competed mainly in the javelin throw event. Gorchakova trained at Burevestnik in Moscow. She competed for the USSR in the 1952 Summer Olympics held in Helsinki, Finland in the Javelin where she won the bronze medal. She repeated this bronze medal twelve years later in the 1964 Games in Tokyo. This was a disappointing result for her, as in the qualification she had set a new World Record of 62.40m that was not beaten for eight years.
|Date of birth|
|May 17th, 1933|
|Date of death|
|January 27th, 2002 at age of 68|
1964 Summer Olympics Tokyo
The 1964 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVIII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Tokyo, Japan from October 10 to 24, 1964. Tokyo had been awarded the organization of the 1940 Summer Olympics, but this honor was subsequently passed to Helsinki because of Japan's invasion of China, before ultimately being canceled because of World War II. The 1964 Summer Games were the first Olympics held in Asia, and the first time South Africa was barred from taking part due to its apartheid system in sports. Tokyo was chosen as the host city during the 55th IOC Session in West Germany, on May 26, 1959. These games were also the first to be telecast internationally without the need for tapes to be flown overseas as they were for the 1960 Olympics four years earlier. The games were telecast to the United States using Syncom 3, the first geostationary communication satellite, and from there to Europe using Relay 1. History surrounding the 1964 Olympics was chronicled in the 1965 documentary film Tokyo Olympiad, directed by Kon Ichikawa.
1952 Summer Olympics Helsinki
The 1952 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Helsinki, Finland, in 1952. Helsinki had been earlier selected to host the 1940 Summer Olympics, which were cancelled due to World War II. It had been the Olympic Games at which the most number of world records were broken, until surpassed by the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. The Soviet Union, the People's Republic of China, Israel, and Saarland made their Olympic debuts in Helsinki 1952.