Francis Marion Military Commander

Francis Marion (c. 1732 – February 27, 1795) was a military officer who served in the American Revolutionary War. Acting with Continental Army and South Carolina militia commissions, he was a persistent adversary of the British in their occupation of South Carolina in 1780 and 1781, even after the Continental Army was driven out of the state in the Battle of Camden. Due to his irregular methods of warfare, he is considered one of the fathers of modern guerrilla warfare, and is credited in the lineage of the United States Army Rangers. He is known as the Swamp Fox. His grandparents were Benjamin and Judith Baluet Marion of French Huguenot origin, and Anthony and Esther Baluet Cordes. His parents Gabriel and Esther had six children: Esther, Isaac, Gabriel, Benjamin, Job and Francis. The family settled at Winyah, near Georgetown, South Carolina. Probably in 1732, Francis Marion was born on their plantation in Berkeley County, South Carolina. When he was aged five or six, his family moved to a plantation in St. George, a parish on Winyah Bay. Apparently, they wanted to be near the English school in Georgetown. In 1759 he moved to Pond Bluff plantation near Eutaw Springs, in St.

Personal details

Date of birth
February 26th, 1732
Nationality
United States of America
Date of death
February 27th, 1795 at age of 63
Place of death
Orangeburg County

Military service

Force Unit Rank From To
Continental Army
British Army
United States Army Rangers

Military conflicts participated

American Revolutionary War

Started

April 19th, 1775

Ended

September 3rd, 1783

Wikipedia article

The American Revolutionary War, the American War of Independence, or simply the Revolutionary War in the United States, was the revolt against Great Britain by the thirteen American colonies which founded the United States of America. Originally limited to the colonies, French and Spanish intervention would spread the fighting to Europe, the Caribbean, and the East Indies as well. The war had its origins in the resistance of many Americans to taxes imposed by the British parliament, which they held to be unlawful. Formal acts of rebellion against British authority began in 1774 when the Patriot Suffolk Resolves ousted the royal government of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. The tensions caused by this would lead to the outbreak of fighting between Patriot militia and British regulars at Lexington and Concord in April 1775. By spring 1776 the Patriots had full control in all thirteen colonies and on July 4, 1776, the Continental Congress declared their independence. The British were meanwhile mustering large forces to put down the revolt.

Namesakes

1.East Marion

US Census Designated Place
East Marion is a census-designated place that roughly corresponds to the hamlet by the same name in the town of Southold in Suffolk County, New York, United States. The CDP population was 926 at the 2010 census.
Located in Geolocation
Southold, New York
41.128889,-72.341944

2.Francis Marion Military Academy

School
Headquarters
3443 SW 20th Street, 34474 - Ocala, Florida

3.Francis Marion National Forest

Protected Site
The Francis Marion National Forest is located north of Charleston, South Carolina. It is named for revolutionary war hero Francis Marion, who was known to the British as the Swamp Fox. It lies entirely within the Middle Atlantic coastal forests ecoregion. This National Forest is contained entirely in the counties of Charleston and Berkeley and is 258,864 acres in size. The forest contains the towns of Awendaw, Huger, Jamestown, and McClellanville. Charleston provides emergency services to the southeastern portions of the forest. Forest headquarters are located in Columbia, together with those of Sumter National Forest. There are local ranger district offices located in Cordesville. In 1989, the forest was nearly destroyed by Hurricane Hugo; only the young growth survived the storm and its aftermath. Today, most trees in the forest do not predate this hurricane. The forest is a multiple use area. Recreation opportunities include campsites, rifle ranges, boat ramps, and several trails for hiking, horseback riding, and mountain biking, including the Palmetto Trail.
Geolocation
33.166667,-79.666667

4.Francis Marion University

Colleges/University
Francis Marion University is a state-supported liberal arts university located six miles east of Florence, South Carolina, USA. It is named in honor of American Revolutionary War hero Brigadier General Francis Marion.
Located in Geolocation Founded Headquarters Type Official website
Florence, South Carolina
34.191358,-79.653282
1970
4822 East Palmetto Street, 29502 - Florence, South Carolina
Public university

5.Lake Marion

Water reservoir Lake
Lake Marion is the largest lake in South Carolina, centrally located and with territory within five counties. The lake is referred to as South Carolina's inland sea. It has a 315-mile shoreline and covers nearly 110,000 acres of rolling farmlands, former marshes, and river valley landscape. The Santee River was dammed in the 1940s to supply hydroelectric power, as part of the rural electrification efforts initiated under President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal during the Great Depression. It is one of the fifty largest lakes in the United States, whether natural or man-made reservoirs, but covers only about a third of the area of the fifteenth largest in size.
Geolocation
33.453889,-80.163889

6.Marion

US Census Designated Place
Marion is an unincorporated community in Marion County, Oregon, United States. For statistical purposes, the United States Census Bureau has defined Marion as a census-designated place. The census definition of the area may not precisely correspond to local understanding of the area with the same name. The population was 313 at the 2010 census. Marion is part of the Salem Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Geolocation
44.748889,-122.942222

7.Marion Lake

Location
Marion Lake is an unorganized territory in Saint Louis County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 68 at the 2000 census. Pequaywan Lake Road serves as a main route in the area. Nearby places include North Star Township and Pequaywan Township.
Geolocation
47.156,-91.989

8.Marion Square

Venue
Marion Square is greenspace in downtown Charleston, South Carolina, spanning six and one half acres. The square was established as a parade ground for the state arsenal under construction on the north side of the square. It is best known as the former Citadel Green because The Citadel occupied the arsenal from 1843 until 1922, when the college moved to Charleston's west side. The name was then changed to Marion Square, in honor of Francis Marion. The square is bounded by Calhoun, Meeting, Tobacco and King Streets. The land is what remains from a 10-acre parcel conveyed to the colony of South Carolina in 1758. When Joseph Wragg died, his son, John Wragg, received 79 acres along King Street. In 1758, John Wragg sold 8.75 acres to the provincial government for 1,230 pounds for use in the construction of a defensive wall to keep the city safe from Indians and, later, the British. By 1783, there was no longer a need for the defense works, and the 8.75 acres were transferred to the newly created city government. In 1789, the state reacquired a portion of the land along the northern edge to build a tobacco inspection complex.
Located in Geolocation Official website
Charleston
32.786944,-79.935833

Wikipedia

Check Francis Marion on wikipedia.

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