François Mitterrand Politician
François Maurice Adrien Marie Mitterrand (French: [fʁɑ̃swa mɔʁis mitɛˈʁɑ̃] ( listen); 26 October 1916 – 8 January 1996) was the 21st President of the French Republic and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra, serving from 1981 until 1995. He is the longest-serving President of France and, as leader of the Socialist Party, the first figure from the left elected President under the Fifth Republic. Reflecting family influences, Mitterrand started political life on the Catholic nationalist right. He served under the Vichy Regime in its earlier years. Subsequently, however, he joined the Resistance, moved to the left, and held ministerial office repeatedly under the Fourth Republic. He opposed de Gaulle's establishment of the Fifth Republic. Although at times a politically isolated figure, Mitterrand outmanoeuvred rivals to become the left's standard bearer in every presidential election from 1965 to 1988, except 1969. Elected President in the May 1981 presidential election, he was re-elected in 1988 and held office until 1995. Mitterrand invited the Communist Party into his first government, a controversial move at the time.
|Date of birth|
|October 26th, 1916|
|Date of death|
|January 8th, 1996 at age of 79|
|Place of death|
|Cause of death|
Member of order 5
1. University of Paris Colleges/University
The University of Paris (French: Université de Paris) was a university located in Paris, France, and one of the earliest to be established in Europe. It was founded in the mid-12th century, and officially recognized as a university probably between 1160 and 1250. After many changes, including a century of suspension (1793–1896), it ceased to exist in 1970 and 13 autonomous universities (University of Paris I–XIII) were created from it. The university is often referred to as the Sorbonne or La Sorbonne after the collegiate institution (Collège de Sorbonne) founded about 1257 by Robert de Sorbon. In fact, the university as such was older and was never completely centered on the Sorbonne. Of the 13 current successor universities, the first four have a presence in the historical Sorbonne building, and three include "Sorbonne" in their names.
Institution social analysis
People attended University of Paris connected by profession and/or age
2. Sciences Po Colleges/University
The Institut d'études politiques de Paris (French pronunciation: [ɛ̃s.ti.ty.de.tyd.pɔ.li'tik.də.pa'ʁi] ; English: Paris Institute of Political Studies), simply referred to as Sciences Po (French pronunciation: [sjɑ̃s'po]), is a public research and higher education institution in Paris, France, specialised in the social sciences. It has the status of grand établissement, which allows its admissions process to be highly selective. Established in 1872, Sciences Po has traditionally educated France's political and diplomatic elite.
2010. 10.0 %
2014. 9.94 K €
2011. 9.3 K €
|Official web page||www.sciences-po.fr|
Institution social analysis
People attended Sciences Po connected by profession and/or age
Official web page
Arte is a Franco-German TV network, a European channel, that promotes programming in the areas of culture and the arts. It is made up of three separate companies: the Strasbourg-based European Economic Interest Grouping Arte GEIE plus two member companies acting as editorial and programme production centres, Arte France in Paris and Arte Deutschland in Baden-Baden. As an international joint venture, its programs cater technically to audiences from both France and Germany. This implies double-titling, opposite-language subtitling, dubbing, hosts who speak both languages alternately, and two separate audio tracks. Three-quarters of ARTE's programming are provided in equal proportion by the two member companies Arte France and Arte Deutschland while the remainder is being provided by Arte GEIE and the channel's European partners. Arte France was formerly known as La Sept and by ARTE Deutschland GmbH, a subsidiary of the two main public German TV networks ARD and ZDF.
2. Socialist Party
The Socialist Party is a social-democratic political party in France, and the largest party of the French centre-left. The PS is one of the two major contemporary political parties in France, along with the Union for a Popular Movement on the centre-right. The Socialist Party replaced the earlier French Section of the Workers' International in 1969, and is currently led by First Secretary Jean-Christophe Cambadelis. The PS is a member of the Party of European Socialists, the Socialist International and the Progressive Alliance. The PS first won power in 1981, when its candidate François Mitterrand was elected President of France in the 1981 presidential election. Under Mitterrand, the party achieved a governing majority in the National Assembly from 1981 to 1986 and again from 1988 to 1993. PS leader Lionel Jospin lost his bid to succeed Mitterrand as president in the 1995 presidential election against Rally for the Republic leader Jacques Chirac, but became prime minister in a cohabitation government after the 1997 parliamentary elections, a position Jospin held until 2002, when he was again defeated in the presidential election.
3. Musée d'Orsay
Official web page
The Musée d'Orsay is a museum in Paris, France, on the left bank of the Seine. It is housed in the former Gare d'Orsay, a Beaux-Arts railway station built between 1898 and 1900. The museum holds mainly French art dating from 1848 to 1915, including paintings, sculptures, furniture, and photography. It houses the largest collection of impressionist and post-impressionist masterpieces in the world, by painters including Monet, Manet, Degas, Renoir, Cézanne, Seurat, Sisley, Gauguin and Van Gogh. Many of these works were held at the Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume prior to the museum's opening in 1986.
Convention of Republican Institutions
The Convention of Republican Institutions was a socialist and republican party in France led by François Mitterrand. The CIR, founded in 1964 transformed from a loosely organized club to a formal political party by the time of Mitterrand's candidacy in the 1965 election. Roughly at the same time, the CIR played an important role in the foundation of the Federation of the Democratic and Socialist Left, which ended with the FGDS' landslide defeat to the Gaullists in the 1968 election. The CIR dissolved itself into the Socialist Party at the Épinay Congress in 1971.
Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance
The Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance was a French political party founded at Liberation and active during the Fourth Republic. It was a founding member of the Liberal International in 1947.
Official web page
Goverment positions 1
President of France
Official web page
The President of the French Republic, is the executive head of state of the French Fifth Republic. The powers, functions and duties of prior presidential offices, and their relation with the first minister and cabinets has over time differed with the various French constitutions. The President of France is also the ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra, Grand Master of the Légion d'honneur and the Ordre national du Mérite and honorary proto-canon of the Basilica of St. John Lateran in Rome. The current President of the French Republic is François Hollande, who took office on 15 May 2012.
1. Les Témoins (2007)
|Runtime||Producers||Directors||Writers||Top cast||Awards||Budget||Movie on internet|
Saïd Ben Saïd
|8 Show list||1 Show list|
The Witnesses is a 2007 French drama film directed by André Téchiné, starring Michel Blanc, Sami Bouajila, Emmanuelle Béart and Johan Libéreau. The film, set in Paris in 1984, explores the lives of a closely knit group of friends who are impacted with the sudden outbreak of the AIDS epidemic. The Witnesses was critically acclaimed.
2008 César Award for Best Supporting Actor