Franz Ernst Neumann Physicist

Franz ernst neumann

Franz Ernst Neumann (September 11, 1798 – May 23, 1895) was a German mineralogist, physicist and mathematician. Neumann was born in Joachimsthal, Margraviate of Brandenburg, located not far from Berlin. In 1815 he interrupted his studies at Berlin to serve as a volunteer in the Hundred Days against Napoleon, and was wounded in the Battle of Ligny. Subsequently he entered Berlin University as a student of theology, but soon turned to scientific subjects. His earlier papers were mostly concerned with crystallography, and the reputation they gained him led to his appointment as Privatdozent at the University of Königsberg, where in 1828 he became extraordinary, and in 1829 ordinary, professor of mineralogy and physics. His 1831 study on the specific heats of compounds included what is now known as Neumann's Law: the molecular heat of a compound is equal to the sum of the atomic heats of its constituents. Devoting himself next to optics, he produced memoirs which entitle him to a high place among the early searchers after a true dynamical theory of light.

Personal details

Date of birth
September 11th, 1798
Date of death
May 23rd, 1895 at age of 96
Place of death
Places lived
pop. 80,621,788 (2013)


1. Humboldt University of Berlin Colleges/University

The Humboldt University of Berlin (German: Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin) is Berlin's oldest university, founded in 1810 as the University of Berlin (Universität zu Berlin) by the liberal Prussian educational reformer and linguist Wilhelm von Humboldt, whose university model has strongly influenced other European and Western universities. From 1828 it was known as the Frederick William University (Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität), and later (unofficially) also as the Universität unter den Linden after its location. In 1949, it changed its name to Humboldt-Universität in honour of both its founder Wilhelm and his brother, geographer Alexander von Humboldt.

Type Public university
Institution colors
Unter den Linden 6, 10099 - Berlin, Berlin
Official web page
Wikipedia article

Institution social analysis

Notable alumni by career
Notable alumni by gender
Notable alumni by party membership

People attended Humboldt University of Berlin connected by profession and/or age

b. 1801., Physicist
b. 1802., Physicist
b. 1803., Physicist
b. 1796., Physicist
b. 1864., Physicist
b. 1906., Physicist
b. 1906., Physicist
b. 1864., Physicist

Awards won

1886 Copley Medal

Awarded for Presented by Discipline Award shared with
For his researches in theoretical optics and electro-dynamics.
Royal Society


Check Franz Ernst Neumann on wikipedia.

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