Frederick V, Elector Palatine Monarch

Frederick v elector palatine

Frederick V (German: Friedrich V.) (16 August 1596 – 29 November 1632) was Elector Palatine (1610–23), and, as Frederick I (Czech: Fridrich Falcký), King of Bohemia (1619–20, for his short reign he is often nicknamed the Winter King, Czech: Zimní král; German: Winterkönig). Frederick was born at the jagdschloss Deinschwang (a hunting lodge) near Amberg in the Upper Palatinate. He was the son and heir of Frederick IV and of Louise Juliana of Nassau, the daughter of William the Silent and Charlotte de Bourbon-Monpensier. He – an intellectual, a mystic, and a Calvinist – succeeded his father as Prince-Elector of the Rhenish Palatinate in 1610. He was responsible for the construction of the famous Hortus Palatinus gardens in Heidelberg. In 1618 the Protestant estates of Bohemia rebelled against the Roman Catholic King Ferdinand and offered the crown of Bohemia to Frederick, choosing him since he was the leader of the Protestant Union, a military alliance founded by his father. Frederick duly accepted the crown (coronation on 4 November 1619), which triggered the outbreak of the Thirty Years' War.

Personal details

Date of birth
August 26th, 1596
Date of death
November 29th, 1632 at age of 36
Place of death
Mainz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
Religion
Protestantism
Places lived
Bavaria , Germany
pop. 12,443,372 (2011)

Family

1.House of Wittelsbach

Royal line

Founder

Ruled from

1180

Kingdoms ruled

Kingdom of Bavaria
Electoral Palatinate of the Rhine

2.House of Palatinate-Simmern

Family
Parents
Spouse
Children

Noble titles

Noble title From To
Elector of Saxony

Goverment positions 2

Prince-elector

1610-1623

Area represented

Electoral Palatinate of the Rhine

Jurdistiction

Holy Roman Empire

The prince-electors of the Holy Roman Empire were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having since the 13th century the privilege of electing the King of the Romans or, from the middle of the 16th century onwards, directly the Holy Roman Emperor. The heir apparent to a lay prince-elector was known as an electoral prince. The dignity of Elector carried great prestige and was second only to King or Emperor.

King of Bohemia

1619-1620

Jurdistiction

Kingdom of Bohemia

Wikipedia

Check Frederick V, Elector Palatine on wikipedia.

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