Friedrich Zander Engineer
Friedrich Zander (Russian: Фридрих Артурович Цандер, Latvian: Frīdrihs Canders; 23 August 1887 – 28 March 1933), often transliterated Fridrikh Arturovich Tsander, was a pioneer of rocketry and spaceflight in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. He designed the first liquid-fuelled rocket to be launched in the Soviet Union, GIRD-X, and made many important theoretical contributions to the road to space. Zander was born in Riga, Russian Empire, into a Baltic German family. His father Arthur Constantinovich was a doctor, but Friedrich was fascinated by other natural sciences besides medicine. In 1898, he was enrolled in the Riga urban technical high school, a seven year program in which he was a top student. During this time, he became acquainted with the work of Konstantin Tsiolkovsky and space travel became his foremost scientific passion. While studying engineering at the Riga Polytechnic Institute, he carried out trajectory calculations for a flight to Mars. Mars held a special fascination to Zander, and "Forward to Mars!" (Вперед, на Марс!) became his famous motto. He graduated with his engineering degree in 1914, moved to Moscow in 1915.
|Date of birth|
|August 23rd, 1887|
|Date of death|
|March 28th, 1933 at age of 45|
|Place of death|
|Cause of death|
1. Riga Technical University Colleges/University
Riga Technical University (RTU) (Latvian: Rīgas Tehniskā universitāte) (previously known as Riga Polytechnical Institute and Riga Polytechnicum) is located in Riga, Latvia.
|Official web page||www.rtu.lv|
Institution social analysis
People attended Riga Technical University connected by profession and/or age
1. Society for Studies of Interplanetary Travel
The Society for Studies of Interplanetary Travel was founded in Moscow in May 1924. It was a spin off of a military science society at the Zhukovsky Airforce Academy, and was chaired by Grigory Kramarov. Its 200 charter members included important Soviet space-exploration and rocketry experts such as Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Fridrikh Tsander, and Vladimir Vetchinkin. The society allowed engineers and educators to meet and discuss space travel, and it organized public educational events. OIMS hosted a famous public debate on October 4, 1924 to discuss the idea of Robert Goddard to launch a rocket to the Moon. The society existed for only about one year.