Friedrich Zander Engineer

Friedrich zander

Friedrich Zander (Russian: Фридрих Артурович Цандер, Latvian: Frīdrihs Canders; 23 August 1887 – 28 March 1933), often transliterated Fridrikh Arturovich Tsander, was a pioneer of rocketry and spaceflight in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. He designed the first liquid-fuelled rocket to be launched in the Soviet Union, GIRD-X, and made many important theoretical contributions to the road to space. Zander was born in Riga, Russian Empire, into a Baltic German family. His father Arthur Constantinovich was a doctor, but Friedrich was fascinated by other natural sciences besides medicine. In 1898, he was enrolled in the Riga urban technical high school, a seven year program in which he was a top student. During this time, he became acquainted with the work of Konstantin Tsiolkovsky and space travel became his foremost scientific passion. While studying engineering at the Riga Polytechnic Institute, he carried out trajectory calculations for a flight to Mars. Mars held a special fascination to Zander, and "Forward to Mars!" (Вперед, на Марс!) became his famous motto. He graduated with his engineering degree in 1914, moved to Moscow in 1915.

Personal details

Date of birth
August 23rd, 1887
Soviet Union
Date of death
March 28th, 1933 at age of 45
Place of death
Cause of death
Epidemic typhus
Places lived
Moscow , Russia
pop. 11,979,529 (2013)
Riga , Latvia
pop. 699,203 (2012)




1. Riga Technical University Colleges/University

- 1914 / Engineering

Riga Technical University (RTU) (Latvian: Rīgas Tehniskā universitāte) (previously known as Riga Polytechnical Institute and Riga Polytechnicum) is located in Riga, Latvia.

1 Kalku Street, LV-1658 - Riga, Riga
2010. 12,081
2010. 3,654
Official web page
Wikipedia article

Institution social analysis

Notable alumni by career
Notable alumni by gender

People attended Riga Technical University connected by profession and/or age

b. 1890., Architect
b. 1890., Painting Artist
b. 1889., Military Person
b. 1885., Architect
b. 1885., Architect
b. 1887., Politician
b. 1887., Military Person
b. 1971., Politician

Organizations founded

1. Society for Studies of Interplanetary Travel


Wikiedia article

The Society for Studies of Interplanetary Travel was founded in Moscow in May 1924. It was a spin off of a military science society at the Zhukovsky Airforce Academy, and was chaired by Grigory Kramarov. Its 200 charter members included important Soviet space-exploration and rocketry experts such as Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Fridrikh Tsander, and Vladimir Vetchinkin. The society allowed engineers and educators to meet and discuss space travel, and it organized public educational events. OIMS hosted a famous public debate on October 4, 1924 to discuss the idea of Robert Goddard to launch a rocket to the Moon. The society existed for only about one year.



Impact crater
Tsander is a large lunar impact crater on the far side of the Moon. Attached to the southeastern outer rim is the younger crater Kibal'chich. To the northwest lies Dirichlet, and to the northeast lies Artem'ev. This is a heavily worn crater formation with an outer rim that has been rendered into an uneven, somewhat circular range due to impact erosion. There is a significant outward bulge along the rim edge to the south-southwest. A smaller crater lies across the rim to the west-northwest. The interior floor has low ridges and uneven areas most likely as the result of large deposits of ejecta. There is a cluster of small craters near the midpoint of the interior, and the worn remains of a pair of older impacts in the north and west. This crater takes its name from the Cyrillic rendering of Friedrich Zander, an early developer of rocket engines.
Located on Planetographic feature
Impact crater


Check Friedrich Zander on wikipedia.

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