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Friedrich Zander

Engineer from Soviet Union

Friedrich Zander Friedrich Zander (Russian: Фридрих Артурович Цандер, Latvian: Frīdrihs Canders; 11 August [O.S. 23 August] 1887 – 28 March 1933), often transliterated Fridrikh Arturovich Tsander, was a pioneer of rocketry and spaceflight in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. He designed the first liquid-fuelled rocket to be launched in the Soviet Union, GIRD-X, and made many important theoretical contributions to the road to space. Zander was born in Riga, Russian Empire, into a Baltic German family. His father Arthur Constantinovich was a doctor, but Friedrich was fascinated by other natural sciences besides medicine. In 1898, he was enrolled in the Riga urban technical high school, a seven year program in which he was a top student. During this time, he became acquainted with the work of Konstantin Tsiolkovsky and space travel became his foremost scientific passion. While studying engineering at the Riga Polytechnic Institute, he carried out trajectory calculations for a flight to Mars. Mars held a special fascination to Zander, and "Forward to Mars!" (Вперед, на Марс!) became his famous motto. He graduated with his engineering degree in 1914, moved to Moscow in 1915. He worked at the  ( Wikipedia article )

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Personal facts

Date of birth
1887-08-23
Place of birth
Riga
Nationality
Soviet Union
Parents
Arthur Constantinovich
Spouse(s)
A.F. Milyukova
Children
Astra Zander Mercury Zander
Profession
Engineer, Scientist

Education

Institution From To
Riga Technical University 1914

Death

Date of death
1933-03-28
Cause of death
Typhus
Place of death
Kislovodsk

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