Gilberto Román (29 November 1961 – 27 June 1990) was a Mexican boxer in the Super Flyweight division and a member of the 1980 Mexican Olympic team. Román was a two-time WBC Super Flyweight Champion and is considered by many fans to be one of the great champions in this division. Gilberto was trained by Boxing Hall of Famer Ignacio Beristáin.
As an amateur boxer he won some Mexican National Championships and was a member of the 1980 Mexican Olympic team. He fought with Ezequiel Cano Molina, from Naranjos, Veracruz, México, and with many other important amateur boxers.
In 1986, Román dethroned Jiro Watanabe of Japan as the WBC Super Flyweight Champion. In 1985, Roman had lost two fights early in the year and many thought his days of being a contender would be over. However, he reeled off eight straight wins to earn the fight with Watanabe, and won a twelve-round decision.
As champion, Román made seven title defences. One of these was a draw against former WBA Flyweight Champion Santos Laciar (30 August 1986). Nine months later, Roman and Laciar met again on 16 May 1987, with Laciar taking the title by eleventh-round knockout.