Graça Machel Politician
Graça Machel, DBE (born Graça Simbine; 17 October 1945) is a Mozambican politician and humanitarian. She is the third wife of former South African president Nelson Mandela and the widow of Mozambican president Samora Machel. She is an international advocate for women’s and children’s rights and in 1997 was made a British dame for her humanitarian work. Graça Machel is also known for being the only woman in the world to have been first lady of two different countries. Born in rural Incadine, Gaza Province, Mozambique (Portuguese East Africa), she attended Methodist mission schools before gaining a scholarship to attend University of Lisbon in Portugal, where she studied German language and first became involved in independence issues. In that university, she earned a scholarship from Romance Languages. She is also fluent in French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, and English, as well as her native Tsonga. She returned to Mozambique in 1973, joined the Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO) and became a schoolteacher. Following Mozambique's independence in 1975, Machel was appointed Minister for Education and Culture. She married Samora Machel the same year.
|Date of birth|
|October 17th, 1945|
1. University of Lisbon Colleges/University
The University of Lisbon (UL) (Portuguese: Universidade de Lisboa, pronounced: [univɨɾsiˈdad(ɨ) dɨ liʒˈboɐ]; Latin Universitas Olisiponensis) is a public university in Lisbon, Portugal. It is composed by eight faculties. It was founded in 1911 after the fall of the Portuguese monarchy regime, but the history of a university in Lisbon goes back to the 13th century.
|Official web page||www.ul.pt|
Institution social analysis
People attended University of Lisbon connected by profession and/or age
University of Cape Town
Chancellor of the University of Cape Town
|Other people associated with University of Cape Town|
Official web page
The Mozambique Liberation Front, from the Portuguese Frente de Libertação de Moçambique was a liberation movement which was founded in 1962 to fight for the independence of the Portuguese Overseas Province of Mozambique. Independence was achieved in June 1975 after the Carnation Revolution in Lisbon the previous year. At the party's 3rd Congress in February 1977, it became an officially Marxist-Leninist political party. It identified as the Frelimo Party. The Frelimo Party has ruled Mozambique since then, first as a one-party state. It struggled through a long civil war against an anti-Communist faction known as Mozambican National Resistance or RENAMO. The insurgents received support from the then white-minority governments of Rhodesia and South Africa. Frelimo Party approved a new constitution in 1990, which established a multi-party system. Since democratic elections in 1994 and subsequent cycles, Frelimo has been elected as the majority party in the parliament of Mozambique.
Goverment positions 1
Minister for Education and Culture of Mozambique
1.The impact of war on children
2001. at London