Graça Machel Politician

Graca machel

Graça Machel, DBE (born Graça Simbine; 17 October 1945) is a Mozambican politician and humanitarian. She is the third wife of former South African president Nelson Mandela and the widow of Mozambican president Samora Machel. She is an international advocate for women’s and children’s rights and in 1997 was made a British dame for her humanitarian work. Graça Machel is also known for being the only woman in the world to have been first lady of two different countries. Born in rural Incadine, Gaza Province, Mozambique (Portuguese East Africa), she attended Methodist mission schools before gaining a scholarship to attend University of Lisbon in Portugal, where she studied German language and first became involved in independence issues. In that university, she earned a scholarship from Romance Languages. She is also fluent in French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, and English, as well as her native Tsonga. She returned to Mozambique in 1973, joined the Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO) and became a schoolteacher. Following Mozambique's independence in 1975, Machel was appointed Minister for Education and Culture. She married Samora Machel the same year.

Personal details

Date of birth
October 17th, 1945




1. University of Lisbon Colleges/University

The University of Lisbon (UL) (Portuguese: Universidade de Lisboa, pronounced: [univɨɾsiˈdad(ɨ) dɨ liʒˈboɐ]; Latin Universitas Olisiponensis) is a public university in Lisbon, Portugal. It is composed by eight faculties. It was founded in 1911 after the fall of the Portuguese monarchy regime, but the history of a university in Lisbon goes back to the 13th century.

Type Public university
Institution colors
Alameda da Universidade, 1649-004 - Lisbon, Lisboa e Vale do Tejo
Official web page
Wikipedia article

Institution social analysis

Notable alumni by career
Notable alumni by gender

People attended University of Lisbon connected by profession and/or age

b. 1949., Politician
b. 1950., Politician
b. 1943., Politician
b. 1949., Politician
b. 1942., Politician
b. 1947., Politician
b. 1950., Politician
b. 1948., Politician


Company Founded Positions
University of Cape Town
Chancellor of the University of Cape Town
Official site
Other people associated with University of Cape Town
Organization leader
Military Commander

Political engagements



Geographic scope



Democratic socialism
Social democracy
Left-wing nationalism


Official web page

Wikipedia article

The Mozambique Liberation Front, from the Portuguese Frente de Libertação de Moçambique was a liberation movement which was founded in 1962 to fight for the independence of the Portuguese Overseas Province of Mozambique. Independence was achieved in June 1975 after the Carnation Revolution in Lisbon the previous year. At the party's 3rd Congress in February 1977, it became an officially Marxist-Leninist political party. It identified as the Frelimo Party. The Frelimo Party has ruled Mozambique since then, first as a one-party state. It struggled through a long civil war against an anti-Communist faction known as Mozambican National Resistance or RENAMO. The insurgents received support from the then white-minority governments of Rhodesia and South Africa. Frelimo Party approved a new constitution in 1990, which established a multi-party system. Since democratic elections in 1994 and subsequent cycles, Frelimo has been elected as the majority party in the parliament of Mozambique.

Other members

born 1933
born 1939
born 1943
born 1958

Goverment positions 1

Minister for Education and Culture of Mozambique


Written work

1.The impact of war on children

Editions Subjects Co-authors
2001. at London


Check Graça Machel on wikipedia.

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