Grace Hopper Computer Scientist

Grace hopper

Rear Admiral Grace Murray Hopper (December 9, 1906 – January 1, 1992) was an American computer scientist and United States Navy officer. A pioneer in the field, she was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer, and developed the first compiler for a computer programming language. She conceptualized the idea of machine-independent programming languages, which led to the development of COBOL, one of the first modern programming languages. She is credited with popularizing the term "debugging" for fixing computer glitches (motivated by an actual moth removed from the computer, and not by her). Due to the breadth of her accomplishments and her naval rank, she is sometimes referred to as "Amazing Grace." The U.S. Navy destroyer USS Hopper (DDG-70) is named for her, as was the Cray XE6 "Hopper" supercomputer at NERSC. Hopper was born Grace Brewster Murray in New York City. She was the oldest in a family of three children. She was curious as a child, a life-long trait. At the age of seven she decided to determine how an alarm clock worked. She dismantled seven alarm clocks before her mother realized what she was doing; she was then limited to one clock.

Personal details

Date of birth
December 9th, 1906
United States of America
Date of death
January 1st, 1992 at age of 85
Place of death
Arlington County, Virginia, United States of America
Places lived
New York City , New York
pop. 8,405,837 (2013)




1. Yale University Colleges/University

- 1934 PhD / Mathematics
- 1930 Master's Degree

Yale University is an American private Ivy League research university located in New Haven, Connecticut. Founded in 1701 in the Colony of Connecticut, the university is the third-oldest institution of higher education in the United States.

Institution info

Type Private university
2013. 20.8 bil. $
2012. 19.3 bil. $
Institution colors
246 Church Street, 06520 - New Haven, Connecticut
2012. 5,379
2010. 5,310
2009. 5,270
2012. 6,501
2011. 6,318
2010. 6,391
Acceptance rate
2014. 6.26 %
2012. 7.1 %
2012. 6.8 %
2010. 8.0 %
Local tuition
2013. 44 K $
2012. 42.3 K $
2011. 40.5 K $
2010. 38.3 K $
Official web page
Wikipedia article
Social media

Institution social analysis

Notable alumni by career
Notable alumni by gender
Notable alumni by party membership

People attended Yale University connected by profession and/or age

b. 1957., Computer Scientist
b. 1947., Computer Scientist
b. 1955., Computer Scientist
b. 1957., Computer Scientist
b. 1966., Computer Scientist
b. 1953., Computer Scientist
b. 1955., Computer Scientist
b. 1954., Computer Scientist

2. Wardlaw-Hartridge School School

The Wardlaw-Hartridge School (commonly referred to as Wardlaw or W-H) is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational day school located in Edison, New Jersey, United States, serving students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. It is divided into three administrative divisions: the Lower School, the Middle School, and the Upper School.

1295 Inman Ave, 08820 - Edison, New Jersey
Official web page
Wikipedia article

People attended Wardlaw-Hartridge School connected by profession and/or age

b. 1969., Actor

3. Vassar College Colleges/University

1924 - 1928 Bachelor's degree / Mathematics

Vassar College is a private, coeducational liberal arts college in the town of Poughkeepsie, New York, in the United States. The Vassar campus comprises over 1,000 acres (4.0 km) and more than 100 buildings, including four National Historic Landmarks, ranging in style from Collegiate Gothic to International, designed over the course of the college’s history by a range of prominent architects, including James Renwick Jr., Eero Saarinen, Marcel Breuer, and Cesar Pelli. In a designated arboretum, the campus features more than 200 species of trees, a native plant preserve, and a 400-acre (1.6 km) ecological preserve.

Type Mixed-sex education
2013. 869 mil. $
2010. 713 mil. $
Institution colors
124 Raymond Ave., 12604 - Poughkeepsie, New York
2013. 2,477
2010. 2,446
2009. 2,400
Acceptance rate
2012. 22.8 %
2010. 23.0 %
Local tuition
2013. 47.2 K $
2010. 42.6 K $
Official web page
Wikipedia article
Social media

Institution social analysis

Notable alumni by career
Notable alumni by gender
Notable alumni by party membership

People attended Vassar College connected by profession and/or age

b. 1934., Computer Scientist
b. 1917., Computer Scientist
b. 1904., Physician
b. 1905., Cinematographer
b. 1910., Physician
b. 1907., Socialite
b. 1902., Writer
b. 1904., Scriptwriter


Company Founded Positions
Digital Equipment Corporation
Computer hardware, Computer
Other people associated with Digital Equipment Corporation
Computer Scientist
Organization founder
Organization leader
Computer Scientist
Vassar College
Official site
Other people associated with Vassar College
Eckert–Mauchly Computer Corporation

Military service

Force Unit Rank From To
United States Navy Rear admiral

Military conflicts participated

World War II


September 1st, 1939


September 2nd, 1945

Wikipedia article

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier. It involved the vast majority of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, and directly involved more than 100 million people, from more than 30 different countries. In a state of "total war", the major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. Marked by mass deaths of civilians, including the Holocaust and the strategic bombing of industrial and population centres, it resulted in an estimated 50 million to 85 million fatalities. These made World War II the deadliest conflict in human history.

Awards won

1991 National Medal of Technology and Innovation

Awarded for Presented by Discipline Award shared with
For her pioneering accomplishments in the development of computer programming languages that simplified computer technology and opened the door to a significantly larger universe of users.
President of the United States

1988 IEEE Emanuel R. Piore Award

Awarded for Presented by Discipline Award shared with
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

Hall of fame induction

Hall of fame Induction date Other inductees
National Women's Hall of Fame 1994
inducted 1973
inducted 1973
inducted 1993
inducted 1993


1.Grace Murray Hopper Park

Grace Murray Hopper Park is a small memorial park in Arlington, Virginia. It is located on South Joyce Street on the grounds of Riverhouse, a high-rise community where she lived her later years. The park was originally funded by private sources, but in later years, it became an official park of Arlington County, Virginia. South Joyce Street is located just across the I-395 corridor into the District of Columbia, known as Shirley Highway, from the United States Department of Defense building, The Pentagon. The park is named in honor of Grace Hopper, a computer scientist and naval officer. A pioneer in the field, she was the first programmer of the Mark I Calculator and developed the first compiler for a computer programming language.


Check Grace Hopper on wikipedia.

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