Grace Hopper biography and facts

Computer Scientist from United States of America

Grace Hopper Rear Admiral Grace Murray Hopper (December 9, 1906 – January 1, 1992) was an American computer scientist and United States Navy officer. A pioneer in the field, she was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer, and developed the first compiler for a computer programming language. She conceptualized the idea of machine-independent programming languages, which led to the development of COBOL, one of the first modern programming languages. She is credited with popularizing the term "debugging" for fixing computer glitches (motivated by an actual moth removed from the computer, and not by her). Owing to the breadth of her accomplishments and her naval rank, she is sometimes referred to as "Amazing Grace." The U.S. Navy destroyer USS Hopper (DDG-70) is named for her, as was the Cray XE6 "Hopper" supercomputer at NERSC. Hopper was born Grace Brewster Murray in New York City. She was the oldest in a family of three children. She was curious as a child, a lifelong trait. At the age of seven she decided to determine how an alarm clock worked. She dismantled seven alarm clocks before her mother realized what she was doing; she was then limited to one clock. For her  ( Wikipedia )


Personal facts

Known as
Grace Murray Hopper,Amazing Grace
Date of birth
Place of birth
New York City
United States of America
Mathematician, Scientist, Computer Scientist, Programmer


Company Job title From To
Digital Equipment Corporation


Institution From To
Yale University
Vassar College


Date of death
Place of death
Arlington County
Place of burial
Arlington National Cemetery

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