Heinz-Gerhard Vogt Military Person
Gerhard Vogt (29 November 1911 – 14 January 1945) was a former German Luftwaffe fighter ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross during World War II. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Gerhard Vogt scored 48 victories in 174 missions. All of his victories were recorded over the Western front, and included eight four-engined bombers. He claimed his first victory when he shot down a RAF Supermarine Spitfire fighter over Calais on 6 November 1941. On 15 June 1944, Leutnant Vogt took command of 7./JG 26 when Oberleutnant Waldemar Radener was seriously wounded in aerial combat. Vogt was appointed Staffelkapitän of 5./JG 26 on 14 August 1944, replacing Hauptmann Walter Matoni. Vogt led 5./JG 26 during Operation Bodenplatte, the attack on the Allied airfields in the Netherlands and Belgium on 1 January 1945 by United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) fighters. Vogt was shot down and killed by USAAF P-51 Mustangs of the 78th Fighter Group in his FW 190 D-9 near Cologne. In his combat career Vogt shot down two prominent Allied fighter aces, Australian Tony Gaze (12.
Military conflicts participated
World War II
World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier. It involved the vast majority of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, and directly involved more than 100 million people, from more than 30 different countries. In a state of "total war", the major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. Marked by mass deaths of civilians, including the Holocaust and the strategic bombing of industrial and population centres, it resulted in an estimated 50 million to 85 million fatalities. These made World War II the deadliest conflict in human history.