Ho Feng Shan


Dr. Ho Feng-Shan (simplified Chinese: 何凤山; traditional Chinese: 何鳳山; pinyin: Hé Fèngshān, sometimes translated as He Fengshan) born September 10, 1901, Yiyang, Hunan, China—died September 28, 1997, San Francisco, California, USA) was a Chinese diplomat in Vienna who saved more than one thousand Jews, risking his own life and his career. Ho's actions were recognized posthumously when he was awarded the title Righteous among the Nations by the Israeli organization Yad Vashem in 2000. He is known as "China’s Schindler." Ho Feng-Shan's father died when Ho was 7 years old. A diligent and hard-working student, he managed to enter the Yali School in the provincial capital of Changsha, and later Yale-in-China University. He went to Munich University in 1926, and received his Ph.D in political economics in 1932. In 1935, Ho started his diplomatic career within the Foreign Ministry of the Republic of China. His first posting was in Turkey. He was appointed First Secretary at the ROC legation in Vienna in 1937. When Austria was annexed by Nazi Germany in 1938, and the legation was turned into a consulate, Ho was assigned the post of Consul-General. After "Kristallnacht" in 1938, the situation  ( Wikipedia article )


Personal facts

Date of birth
Place of birth


Institution From To
Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich


Date of death
Place of death
San Francisco

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