Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain, Countess of Marone (Doña María Cristina Teresa Alejandra María de Guadalupe María de la Concepción Ildefonsa Victoria Eugenia de Borbón y Battenberg) (12 December 1911 – 23 December 1996) was the fourth child of Alfonso XIII of Spain and Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg and paternal aunt of the current King Juan Carlos I.
Infanta Maria Cristina was born at the Palacio Real in Madrid, Spain. The Spanish Royal Family left the country in 1931, in the face of Republican demonstrations, settling in Paris, before moving to Fontainebleau.
By 1933 King Alfonso and his daughters, the Infantas Beatriz and Maria Cristina, had moved to Rome. Their father cautiously warned would-be suitors of the inherent dangers of hemophilia, that had infected two of the king's sons (Alfonso and Gonzalo).
She married Enrico Eugenio Marone-Cinzano (Turin, 15 March 1895 – Geneva, 23 October 1968), 1st Count Marone, son of Alberto Marone and wife Paola Cinzano, and a widower of Noémia Alcorta y García-Mansilla, by whom he had issue, on 10 June or 1 September 1940 in Rome.