Isoroku Yamamoto Military Commander

Isoroku yamamoto

Isoroku Yamamoto (山本 五十六, Yamamoto Isoroku, 24 April 1884 – 18 April 1943) was a Japanese Naval Marshal General and the commander-in-chief of the Combined Fleet during World War II, a graduate of the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy Yamamoto held several important posts in the Imperial Japanese Navy, and undertook many of its changes and reorganizations, especially its development of naval aviation. He was the commander-in-chief during the decisive early years of the Pacific War and so was responsible for major battles such as Pearl Harbor and Midway. He died during an inspection tour of forward positions in the Solomon Islands when his aircraft (a Mitsubishi G4M "Betty" bomber) was shot down during an ambush by American P-38 Lightning fighter planes. His death was a major blow to Japanese military morale during World War II. Yamamoto was born as Isoroku Takano (高野 五十六, Takano Isoroku) in Nagaoka, Niigata. His father was Takano Sadayoshi (高野 貞吉, Takano Sadayoshi), an intermediate samurai of the Nagaoka Domain. "Isoroku" is an old Japanese term meaning "56"; the name referred to his father's age at Isoroku's birth.

Personal details

Date of birth
April 4th, 1884
Nationality
Empire of Japan,Japan
Date of death
April 18th, 1943 at age of 59
Place of death
Buin, Papua New Guinea
Cause of death
Assassination
Places lived
Niigata Prefecture , Japan
pop. 2,364,632 (2012)

Family

Parents
Spouse

Education

1. Harvard University Colleges/University

1919 - 1921

Harvard University is an American private Ivy League research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States, established in 1636 by the Massachusetts legislature. Harvard is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States and the first corporation (officially The President and Fellows of Harvard College) chartered in the country. Harvard's history, influence, and wealth have made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world.

Institution info

Type University
Endowment
2013. 32.7 bil. $
2012. 30.7 bil. $
Institution colors
Founded
September 8th, 1636
Headquarters
Massachusetts Hall, 02138 - Cambridge, Massachusetts
Undergraduates
2012. 10,564
2010. 10,265
2009. 10,200
Postgraduates
2012. 17,583
2010. 17,329
Acceptance rate
2014. 5.9 %
2013. 5.8 %
2012. 5.9 %
2011. 6.2 %
2010. 6.9 %
Local tuition
2013. 42.3 K $
2012. 40 K $
2011. 39.9 K $
2010. 35 K $
Official web page www.harvard.edu
Wikipedia article
Social media

Institution social analysis

Notable alumni by career
Notable alumni by gender
Notable alumni by party membership

People attended Harvard University connected by profession and/or age

b. 1914., Military Commander
b. 1916., Military Commander
b. 1875., Military Commander
b. 1891., Military Commander
b. 1887., Military Person
b. 1879., Writer
b. 1880., Chemist
b. 1884., Mathematician

2. Imperial Japanese Naval Academy Educational Institution

- 1904

The Imperial Japanese Naval Academy (海軍兵学校, Kaigun Heigakkō, Short form: 海兵 Kaihei) was a school established to train officers for the Imperial Japanese Navy. It originally located in Nagasaki, moved to Yokohama in 1866, and was relocated to Tsukiji, Tokyo in 1869. It moved to Etajima, Hiroshima in 1888. Students studied for three or four years, and upon graduation were commissioned as midshipmen, attaining the rank of ensign after a period of active duty and an overseas cruise. In 1943, a separate school for naval aviation was opened in Iwakuni, and in 1944 another naval aviation school was established in Maizuru. The Academy was closed in 1945, when the Imperial Japanese Navy was abolished. The site now serves as the location for Officer Candidate School of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force.

Wikipedia article

People attended Imperial Japanese Naval Academy connected by profession and/or age

b. 1889., Military Commander
b. 1888., Military Commander
b. 1886., Military Commander
b. 1889., Military Person
b. 1880., Military Person
b. 1883., Military Person
b. 1885., Military Person
b. 1911., Military Person

Military service

Force Unit Rank From To
Imperial Japanese Navy

Military conflicts participated

Battle of Midway

Started

June 4th, 1942

Ended

June 7th, 1942

Wikipedia article

The Battle of Midway in the Pacific Theater of Operations was one of the most important naval battles of World War II. Between 4 and 7 June 1942, only six months after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor, and one month after the Battle of the Coral Sea, the United States Navy, under Admirals Chester W. Nimitz, Frank Jack Fletcher, and Raymond A. Spruance decisively defeated an attack by the Imperial Japanese Navy, under Admirals Isoroku Yamamoto, Chuichi Nagumo, and Nobutake Kondo on Midway Atoll, inflicting irreparable damage on the Japanese fleet. Military historian John Keegan called it "the most stunning and decisive blow in the history of naval warfare." It was Japan's first naval defeat since the Battle of Shimonoseki Straits in 1863. The Japanese operation, like the earlier attack on Pearl Harbor, sought to eliminate the United States as a strategic power in the Pacific, thereby giving Japan a free hand in establishing its Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. The Japanese hoped that another demoralizing defeat would force the U.S. to capitulate in the Pacific War and thus ensure Japanese dominance in the Pacific.

World War II

Started

September 1st, 1939

Ended

September 2nd, 1945

Wikipedia article

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier. It involved the vast majority of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, and directly involved more than 100 million people, from more than 30 different countries. In a state of "total war", the major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. Marked by mass deaths of civilians, including the Holocaust and the strategic bombing of industrial and population centres, it resulted in an estimated 50 million to 85 million fatalities. These made World War II the deadliest conflict in human history.

Russo-Japanese War

Started

February 8th, 1904

Ended

September 5th, 1905

Wikipedia article

The Russo-Japanese War was "the first great war of the 20th century." It grew out of rival imperial ambitions of the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over Manchuria and Korea. The major theatres of operations were Southern Manchuria, specifically the area around the Liaodong Peninsula and Mukden; and the seas around Korea, Japan, and the Yellow Sea. Russia sought a warm water port on the Pacific Ocean, for their navy as well as for maritime trade. Vladivostok was only operational during the summer season, but Port Arthur would be operational all year. From the end of the First Sino-Japanese War and 1903, negotiations between Russia and Japan had proved impractical. Russia had demonstrated an expansionist policy in Manchuria dating back to the reign of Ivan the Terrible in the 16th century. Japan offered to recognize Russian dominance in Manchuria in exchange for recognition of Korea as a Japanese sphere of influence. Russia refused this, and demanded that Korea north of the 39th parallel be a neutral buffer zone between Russia and Japan. The Japanese government perceived a Russian threat to its strategic interests and chose to go to war.

As movie subject

Title Year Other subjects Budget Awards Producers Directors Writers External resources
Rengo kantai shirei chôkan: Yamamoto Isoroku
Drama,War
1968
World War II
Seiji Maruyama
Katsuya Susaki
Seiji Maruyama
Operation Kamikaze
Drama,History,War
1953
Aviation

Wikipedia

Check Isoroku Yamamoto on wikipedia.

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