James Skivring Smith Politician
James Skivring Smith (February 26, 1825-c. 1892) served as the 6th President of Liberia from 1871 to 1872. Prior to this, he served as the 8th Vice President of Liberia from 1870 to 1871 under President Edward James Roye and as Secretary of State from 1856 to 1860 in the cabinet of President Stephen Allen Benson. Smith was born in Charleston, South Carolina on February 26, 1825, the fourth of seven children of free blacks Carlos and Catharine Smith. He and his family arrived in Liberia in 1833, and his parents died of malaria within one year of their arrival. After working with a white doctor of the American Colonization Society, Smith returned to the United States to study medicine at the University of Vermont College of Medicine. He transferred to the Berkshire Medical Center in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, from which he received his medical degree in 1848. Smith was the first African American to receive a medical degree. He then returned to the newly-independent Liberia, working for the ACS as a doctor. Smith served as Secretary of State from 1856 to 1860 and was later elected as a senator from Grand Bassa County from 1868 to 1870.
1. University of Vermont College of Medicine Colleges/University
The University of Vermont College of Medicine is an American medical school located in Burlington, Vermont and associated with the University of Vermont (UVM). Established in 1822, it is the nation's seventh oldest medical school. The primary teaching hospital for the UVM College of Medicine is Fletcher Allen Health Care in Burlington.
2010. 75 mil. $
2011. 29.2 K $
|Official web page||www.med.uvm.edu|
True Whig Party
The True Whig Party, also known as Liberian Whig Party, is the oldest political party in Liberia. Founded in 1869, the party dominated Liberian politics from 1878 until 1980 to the extent that the country was virtually a one-party state, although opposition parties were never outlawed. Initially, its ideology was heavily influenced by that of the United States Whig Party. The political party was founded in the township of Clay-Ashland in 1869. It presided over a society where Black American settlers and their descendants were almost 100% of the citizens able to vote, and so represented them, often working in tandem with the Masonic Order. The party endorsed systems of forced labour. In 1930 they sold human labour to Spanish colonialists on Fernando Po, leading to a five-year U.S. and British boycott of Liberia. Despite this dispute, the West saw them as a stabilizing, unthreatening force and so invested heavily in the nation under William Tubman's leadership. The party lost power after Tubman's successor, William Tolbert, was killed in an April 1980 military coup by soldiers opposed to his clampdown on the political opposition and his tolerance of corruption.