Joseph Park Babcock Writer

Joseph Park Babcock (1893 – 1949), American popularizer of Mahjong, was born in Lafayette, Indiana. After graduating from Purdue University with a degree in Civil Engineering, he worked for the Standard Oil Company. In 1912 he was sent to Soochow, China, as a representative of Standard Oil. There he and his wife enjoyed playing the Chinese tile game. He created a simplified version of Mahjong with a goal of introducing the game to America. He trademarked the spelling "Mah-Jongg" which he apparently coined. His Rules of Mah-Jongg, or the red book, (1920) was used as a rule book for English language players. The game quickly became popular, but several versions were played. In 1924, the Standardization Committee of the American Official Laws of Mah-Jongg was formed. Babcock was an integral member, and the committee published a standardized rule set. Many game sets were then produced in the United States by several companies.

Personal details

Date of birth
United States of America
Date of death
1949 at age of 56


1. Purdue University Colleges/University

- / Civil Engineering

Purdue University, located in West Lafayette, Indiana, U.S., is the flagship university of the six-campus Purdue University system. Purdue was founded on May 6, 1869, as a land-grant university when the Indiana General Assembly, taking advantage of the Morrill Act, accepted a donation of land and money from Lafayette businessman John Purdue to establish a college of science, technology, and agriculture in his name. The first classes were held on September 16, 1874, with six instructors and 39 students. Today, Purdue enrolls the second largest student body of any university in Indiana as well as the second largest international student population of any public university in the United States.

Institution info

Type Public university
2012. 1.86 bil. $
2010. 1.59 bil. $
Institution colors
May 6th, 1869
Hovde Hall, 47907 - West Lafayette, Indiana
2012. 30,147
2010. 32,173
2009. 32,499
2012. 8,163
2010. 8,890
2009. 8,552
Acceptance rate
2013. 61.3 %
2012. 68.0 %
2011. 68.3 %
2010. 68.0 %
Local tuition
2013. 9.99 K $
2011. 9.48 K $
2010. 9.07 K $
2009. 8.64 K $
2008. 7.75 K $
Official web page
Wikipedia article
Social media

Institution social analysis

Notable alumni by career
Notable alumni by gender
Notable alumni by party membership

People attended Purdue University connected by profession and/or age

b. 1970., Writer
b. 1948., Writer
b. 1858., Writer
b. 1949., Writer
b. 1976., Writer
b. 1866., Writer
b. 1912., Writer
b. 1940., Writer


Company Founded Positions
Standard Oil
Petroleum industry
Other people associated with Standard Oil
Organization founder


Check Joseph Park Babcock on wikipedia.

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