Joseph Pease (22 June 1799 – 8 February 1872) was involved in the early railway system in the UK and was the first Quaker elected to Parliament.
Pease joined his father Edward and other members of the Pease family in starting the Stockton and Darlington Railway Company. In 1826 Pease married Emma Gurney, daughter of Joseph Gurney of Norwich. They had sixteen children, amongst them Arthur Pease (1837-1898). Pease's ninth child, Elizabeth Lucy, married the agricultural engineer and inventor, John Fowler, a pioneer in the application of steam power to agriculture.
In 1829 Pease was managing the Stockton and Darlington Railway in place of his father. In 1830 he bought so many of the collieries in his area that he became the largest owner of collieries in South Durham. That same year Pease, Joseph Gurney, and some other Quaker businessmen bought a large tract of land at Middlesbrough. They turned it into a port for exporting coal. In December 1830 a new railway line was opened on the Stockton and Darlington to Middlesbrough to get Pease's coal there.
In 1832 Pease was elected as a Member of Parliament for South Durham.