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Lin Zexu

Politician

Lin Zexu Lin Zexu (Wade-Giles: Lin Tse-hsu; 30 August 1785 – 22 November 1850), style name Yuanfu, was a Chinese scholar and official of the Qing Dynasty. He is most recognized for his conduct and his constant position on the "moral high ground" in his fight, as a "shepherd" of his people, against the opium trade in Guangzhou. Although the non-medicinal consumption of opium was banned by the Yongzheng Emperor in 1729, by the 1830s, China's economy and society were being seriously affected by huge imports of opium from British and other foreign traders based in the city. Lin's forceful opposition to the trade on moral and social grounds is considered to be the primary catalyst for the First Opium War of 1839–42. Because of this firm stance, he has subsequently been considered as a role model for moral governance, particularly by the Chinese. Lin was born in Houguan (侯官; modern Fuzhou, Fujian). In 1811, he received a jinshi degree in the imperial examination, and in the same year, he was appointed to the Hanlin Academy. He rose rapidly through various grades of provincial service and became Governor-General of Hunan and Hubei in 1837, where he launched a suppression campaign against the  ( Wikipedia article )

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Personal facts

Date of birth
1785-08-30
Place of birth
Fuzhou
Profession
Politician

Death

Date of death
1850-11-22
Place of death
Puning

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