Marie Nyswander


Marie Nyswander (March 13, 1919 – April 20, 1986) was an American psychiatrist and psychoanalyst known for developing and popularizing the use of methadone to treat heroin addiction. Nyswander was born on March 13, 1919, in Reno, Nevada. Her father, James Nyswander, was a mathematics professor and her mother was noted health educator Dorothy Bird Nyswander; they divorced soon after her birth, and Nyswander followed her mother to Berkeley, Salt Lake City, and New York City. Her original name was Mary Elizabeth Nyswander; she took the name Marie as a teenager. Nyswander graduated from Sarah Lawrence College in 1937 and trained as a physician and surgeon at the Cornell University medical school until 1944; while at Cornell, she was briefly married to anatomy instructor Charles Berry. After finishing her studies at Cornell, she attempted to join the Navy, but discovered that they did not allow women to serve as surgeons. Instead she took up a position at the Lexington Narcotic Hospital in Lexington, Kentucky, under the auspices of the United States Public Health Service, where she was first exposed to the harsh treatment then given to drug addicts. In the late 1940s, Nyswander began  ( Wikipedia article )


Personal facts

Date of birth
Place of birth
Dorothy Nyswander
Psychoanalyst, Psychiatrist


Institution From To
Cornell University


Date of death

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