Mary Sherman Morgan

Deceased Person

Mary Sherman Morgan (Nov 4, 1921 – August 4, 2004), was a U.S. rocket fuel scientist credited with the invention of the liquid fuel Hydyne in 1957, which allowed the United States to redeem its technological reputation after an earlier disastrous, and highly publicized, satellite launch attempt failure. Three months earlier, the Soviet Union had launched Sputnik 1, the world's first artificial satellite, into Earth orbit. The successful launch of the rocket fueled by Morgan's creation carried the United States' first satellite, Explorer 1, into orbit, thus allowing the country to enter into an unofficial Space Race with the Soviet Union, as part of the Cold War. The second youngest of six children, Mary Sherman was born to Michael and Dorothy Sherman on their farm in Ray, North Dakota. When she was old enough to attend school, her father refused to enroll her, reasoning that he needed her help on the farm. In addition, a river divided their farm from the schoolhouse, which he claimed was too dangerous for her to cross. Eventually the State of North Dakota intervened and gave her a horse, which she rode across the river to get to school each morning. More than two years behind the  ( Wikipedia article )


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