Maximilian von Prittwitz

Politician from Germany

Maximilian von Prittwitz Maximillion Von Prittwitz (27 November 1848 – 29 March 1917) was a German General. Prittwitz came from an extremely old aristocratic Silesian family in Bernstadt. His father was Gustav von Prittwitz, a Prussian general, and his mother was Elizabeth von Klass. He married Olga von Dewitz (30 August 1848 - 9 January 1938), the daughter of a landowner, Kurt von Dewitz on 19 May 1874. After attending school in Oels, he joined an infantry regiment and fought in the Austro-Prussian War and the Franco-Prussian War. He rose steadily through the ranks of the German military for the next forty years, until he was appointed Generaloberst (4 star or full general) in 1913. At the outbreak of World War I, he was made commander of the German Eighth Army, and was tasked with defending East Prussia from an expected Russian attack. When the Russian advance threatened his rear, Prittwitz suggested a retreat to the west of the Vistula River. This meant the abandonment of East Prussia, which the German General Staff found unacceptable. Prittwitz was promptly replaced as Eighth Army commander by Paul von Hindenburg in late August 1914. Hindenburg, and his chief of staff, Erich Ludendorff, then destroyed  ( Wikipedia article )


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