Nicolas Chopin (in Polish: Mikołaj Chopin; 15 April 1771 – 3 May 1844) was a teacher of French language in Prussian- and Russian-ruled Poland, and father of Polish composer Frédéric Chopin.
Nicolas Chopin was born in the village of Marainville-sur-Madon (Vosges department), in the province of Lorraine, France. He was the son of François Chopin, a wheelwright, and Marguerite, née Deflin. The boy attracted the attention of the Polish manager, Adam Weydlich, of the estate (belonging to a Pole, Michał Jan Pac) where Nicolas lived with his family.
In 1787, when Weydlich was returning to Poland, he took sixteen-year-old Nicolas with him and engaged him in his Warsaw tobacco factory. For the next several years, Nicolas worked there as a clerk and bookkeeper. After three years, despite an opportunity to do so, he did not visit his native land, with which he did not keep in touch to the end of his life. In connection with the 1789 outbreak of the French Revolution and the possibility of being conscripted into the French Army, he declined to go to Strasbourg, as requested, on business for Pac.
The year 1792 saw the Second Partition of Poland, and Weydlich's factory was closed down.