Nyapathi Madhava Rao CIE (b. June 8, 1887 - d. August 28, 1972) was an Indian civil servant and administrator who served as the DIwan of the Mysore kingdom from 1941 to 1945.
Madhava Rao was born in Masulipatnam to Nyapathi Venkatakrishna Rao on June 8, 1887. His ancestors were originally Deshastha Brahmins from Maharashtra who had settled in the Telugu country and adopted Telugu as their mother tongue.
Madhava had his early education at Nobel College, Masulipatnam and graduated in arts from Pachaiyappa's College, Madras. He also studied law at Madras Law College
Madhava Rao appeared in the Mysore civil service examinations and graduated in first rank bagging the Carmichael medal. He joined the Mysore service as a Junior Assistant Commission in the Gubbi taluk of Tumkur district. Later, he was appointed member of commission to investigate a revolt in the Kollegal taluk of the then Coimbatore District. In 1921, he was appointed Secretary of the Bhadravathi Steel Works and served from 1921 to 1924. In 1927, he was appointed Chief Secretary to the government of Mysore.
On the retirement of the then Diwan, Sir Mirza Ismail in 1941, Madhava Rao was appointed Diwan.