Nikolai Kardashev Scientist

Nikolai Semenovich Kardashev (Никола́й Семёнович Кардашёв) (born April 25, 1932 in Moscow) is a Russian (formerly Soviet) astrophysicist, and is the deputy director of the Russian Space Research Institute (sometimes translated as The Institute for Cosmic Research) of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow. Kardashev graduated from Moscow State University in 1955, following up at Sternberg Astronomical Institute. He studied under Shklovskii and finished his PhD in 1962. In 1963 Kardashev examined quasar CTA-102, the first Soviet effort in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI). In this work he came up with the idea that some galactic civilizations would be perhaps millions or billions of years ahead of us, and created the Kardashev classification scheme to rank such civilizations. Serious Russian efforts in SETI predate similar programs in the US by some years. Other notable experts in the USSR were Vsevolod Troitskii and Iosif Samuilovich Shklovskii (Kardashev's former professor). Kardashev became a corresponding (associate) member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Division of General Physics and Astronomy on December 12, 1976.

Personal details

Date of birth
April 25th, 1932
Russia,Soviet Union


1. Moscow State University Colleges/University

Lomonosov Moscow State University (Russian: Московский государственный университет имени М. В. Ломоносова, Moskóvskiy gosudárstvennyy universitét ímeni M. V. Lomonósova), previously known as Lomonosov University or MSU (Russian: университет Ломоносова, Universitét Lomonósova; Russian: МГУ, MGU), is the oldest and largest university in Russia. Founded in 1755, the university was renamed in honor of its founder, Mikhail Lomonosov, in 1940. It also claims to have the tallest educational building in the world. Its current rector is Viktor Sadovnichiy.

Type Public university
January 25th, 1755
GSP-1, 119991 - Moscow, Russia
2012. 22,563
2012. 7,000
2010. 5,768
2012. 15,587
2010. 34,345
Local tuition
2012. 7.5 K €
Official web page
Wikipedia article

Institution social analysis

Notable alumni by career
Notable alumni by gender

People attended Moscow State University connected by profession and/or age

b. 1930., Scientist
b. 1945., Scientist
b. 1947., Scientist
b. 1921., Scientist
b. 1883., Scientist
b. 1916., Scientist
b. 1875., Scientist
b. 1793., Scientist


Check Nikolai Kardashev on wikipedia.

Facebook comments