Peter Durrett (c. 1733 - 1823) (also appeared in records as Peter Duerrett) was a Baptist preacher and slave, who with his wife founded the First African Baptist Church of Lexington, Kentucky by 1790. By his death, the congregation reached nearly 300 persons. It is the first black congregation west of the Allegheny Mountains, the first black Baptist congregation in the state and the third oldest in the United States. Its historic church was built in 1856, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Peter Durrett was born into slavery on the plantation of his white father, Captain Duerrett of Caroline County, Virginia. He would have learned a variety of skills from his mother and fellow slaves. While in Caroline County, at about age 25, he was awakened to the gospel and began to be active as a Baptist exhorter. This was during the First Great Awakening, the revival of the eighteenth century when Methodist and Baptist preachers in the South made many new converts.
Peter married an enslaved woman who was held on another farm. When he learned in 1781 that her master was planning to migrate to Kentucky, he asked Captain Duerrett for help.