Preston Brooks U.S. Congressperson

Preston brooks

Preston Smith Brooks (August 5, 1819 – January 27, 1857) was a Democratic Congressman from South Carolina during the period just prior to the US Civil War. Brooks is primarily remembered for severely beating Senator Charles Sumner with a metal-tipped gutta-percha cane on the floor of the United States Senate. Brooks' attack, assisted by fellow Southerner Rep Laurence Keitt, was delivered as revenge (or "punishment", in Brooks' words) in response to a virulent abolitionist speech by Sumner in which he mocked Brooks' relative, South Carolina Senator Andrew Butler, and likened Southern slaveholders to pimps. Sumner, who was known for his scathing abolitionist speeches, was severely injured by the attack, suffering head trauma that would cause him chronic pain and symptoms consistent with what would now be called traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic stress disorder, and spent three years convalescing before returning to his Senate seat. After being tried for his role in the assault, Brooks was fined $300 and received no prison sentence. Brooks and Keitt were both overwhelmingly re-elected by their South Carolina constituents.

Personal details

Date of birth
August 5th, 1819
Nationality
United States of America
Date of death
January 27th, 1857 at age of 37
Place of death
Washington, D.C., United States of America

Education

1. University of South Carolina Colleges/University

The University of South Carolina (also referred to as USC, SC, or Carolina) is a public, co-educational research university located in Columbia, South Carolina, United States, with 7 surrounding satellite campuses. Its historic campus covers over 359 acres (145 ha) in downtown Columbia not far from the South Carolina State House. The University has been recognized by the Carnegie Foundation for its research and engagement, has received a Top-10 ranking from U.S. News & World Report for being "most promising and innovative," and for decades has received annual recognition for its prestigious undergraduate and graduate International Business programs. It also houses the largest collection of Robert Burns and Scottish literature materials outside of Scotland.

Institution info

Type Public university
Endowment
2013. 545 mil. $
2012. 514 mil. $
2011. 494 mil. $
2010. 414 mil. $
2009. 391 mil. $
Institution colors
Founded
1801
Headquarters
Osborne Administration Building, 29208 - Columbia, South Carolina
Undergraduates
2012. 23,363
2010. 21,385
2009. 20,453
Postgraduates
2012. 7,925
2010. 8,214
Acceptance rate
2012. 60.6 %
2010. 70.0 %
Local tuition
2013. 10.8 K $
2011. 10.2 K $
2010. 9.79 K $
2009. 9.16 K $
2008. 8.84 K $
Official web page www.sc.edu
Wikipedia article
Social media

Institution social analysis

Notable alumni by career
Notable alumni by gender
Notable alumni by party membership

People attended University of South Carolina connected by profession and/or age

b. 1816., U.S. Congressperson
b. 1818., U.S. Congressperson
b. 1815., U.S. Congressperson
b. 1818., U.S. Congressperson
b. 1824., U.S. Congressperson
b. 1792., U.S. Congressperson
b. 1806., U.S. Congressperson
b. 1786., U.S. Congressperson

Military conflicts participated

Mexican–American War

Started

1846

Ended

1848

Wikipedia article

The Mexican–American War, also known as the Mexican War, the U.S.–Mexican War or the Invasion of Mexico, was an armed conflict between the United States and the Centralist Republic of Mexico from 1846 to 1848. It followed in the wake of the 1845 U.S. annexation of Texas, which Mexico considered part of its territory, despite the 1836 Texas Revolution. Combat operations lasted a year and a half, from the spring of 1846 to the fall of 1847. American forces quickly occupied New Mexico and California, then invaded parts of Northeastern Mexico and Northwest Mexico; meanwhile, the Pacific Squadron conducted a blockade, and took control of several garrisons on the Pacific coast further south in Baja California. Another American army captured Mexico City, and the war ended in a victory for the United States. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo specified the major consequence of the war: the forced Mexican Cession of the territories of Alta California and New Mexico to the United States in exchange for $15 million. In addition, the United States assumed $3.25 million of debt owed by the Mexican government to U.S. citizens.

Commanders

United States of America
United States of America
United States of America

Political engagements

Democratic Party

Party founded

1792

Geographic scope

United States of America

Ideology

Liberalism
Third Way
Social democracy
Social liberalism

Founders

Official web page

Wikipedia article

The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the younger Republican Party. Tracing its origins back to the Democratic-Republican Party, the modern Democratic Party was founded around 1828. There have been 15 Democratic presidents, the first being Andrew Jackson, who served from 1829 to 1837; the most recent is the current president, Barack Obama, who has served since 2009. Since the 1930s, the party has promoted a social-liberal platform, supporting social justice and a mixed economy. Until the late 20th century the party had a powerful conservative and populist wing based in the rural South, which over time has greatly diminished. Today its Congressional caucus is composed mostly of progressives and centrists. As of the 113th Congress, following the 2012 elections, the Democratic Party holds a minority of seats in the House of Representatives and a majority of seats in the United States Senate, as well as a minority of state governorships and control of a minority of state legislatures.

Other members

born 1818
born 1818
born 1820
born 1820
born 1820

Wikipedia

Check Preston Brooks on wikipedia.

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