Ruby McCollum (August 31, 1909-May 23, 1992) was the subject of a notorious murder trial in 1952. She was convicted of killing Dr. C. Leroy Adams, whom she accused of forcing her to submit to sex and bear his child.
McCollumn was born to Gertrude and William Jackson in Zuber, Florida. She was the second child and first daughter among her six siblings.
In 1929 McCollum married Sam McCollum and they moved to Nyack, New York. During the five years that they lived there she delivered a son, Sam, Jr. before the couple relocated to Fort Myers, Florida. It was there that Sam's brother Buck had amassed considerable wealth managing a Bolita gambling business.
On Sunday morning, August 3, 1952, McCollum shot and killed prominent Live Oak, Florida physician and state senator-elect, Dr. C. Leroy Adams. She accused him of forcing her to submit to sex and bear his child. The case received coverage in both the white and black press, and was instrumental in changing attitudes about the practice of "paramour rights", the presumed right of a white man to take a black woman to whom he was not married as his concubine.