Dr. Saddeka Mohammed Arabi (Arabic: صديقة محمد عربي, Ṣaddīqah Muḥammad `Arabī) (died July 2007) was a Libyan-American social anthropologist and author. Born in the Libyan capital of Tripoli, she immigrated with her family to the United States during the late 1970s, eventually settling in Northern California. After obtaining her doctorate, she subsequently served as a Professor of Anthropology at the University of California, Berkeley, San Francisco State University, and Saint Mary's College of California. She was also an active member of the Muslim World League (Rabitat al-Alam al-Islami), one of the largest Islamic non-governmental organizations in the world consisting of Muslim religious figures from twenty-two countries. She died in July 2007 while visiting relatives in Libya.
In May 1994, Arebi published Women and Words in Saudi Arabia: The Politics of Literary Discourse, where she examines the works of nine contemporary Saudi women writers and their influence on Arabic cultural discourse (see Women in Arab societies).