Samuel Gompers Organization founder
Samuel Gompers (January 27, 1850 – December 13, 1924) was an English-born American cigar maker who became a labor union leader and a key figure in American labor history. Gompers founded the American Federation of Labor (AFL), and served as that organization's president from 1886 to 1894 and from 1895 until his death in 1924. He promoted harmony among the different craft unions that comprised the AFL, trying to minimize jurisdictional battles. He promoted "thorough" organization and collective bargaining to secure shorter hours and higher wages, the first essential steps, he believed, to emancipating labor. He also encouraged the AFL to take political action to "elect their friends" and "defeat their enemies." During World War I, Gompers and the AFL openly supported the war effort, attempting to avoid strikes and boost morale while raising wage rates and expanding membership. Samuel Gompers was born on January 27, 1850, in London, into a Jewish family which originally hailed from Amsterdam. When he was six, Samuel was sent to the Jewish Free School where he received a basic education.
|Date of birth|
|January 27th, 1850|
|United Kingdom,United States of America|
|Date of death|
|December 13th, 1924 at age of 74|
|Place of death|
|San Antonio, Texas, United States of America|
1. JFS Comprehensive school
JFS (formerly known as the Jews' Free School) is a Jewish secondary school in Kenton, north London. It presently accepts both male and female students. At one time it had more than 4,000 students attending making this school the largest Jewish school in Europe. The school has been awarded specialist Humanities College status. After a recent Ofsted inspection, JFS was rated Outstanding in all categories.
|Type||Voluntary aided school|
|Official web page||www.jfs.brent.sch.uk|
1. Cigar Makers' International Union
The Journeymen Cigar Makers' International Union of America was a labor union established in 1864 that represented workers in the cigar industry. The CMIU was part of the American Federation of Labor from 1887 until its merger in 1974.
2. Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions
The Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions of the United States and Canada was a federation of labor unions created on November 15, 1881, at Turner Hall in Pittsburgh. It changed its name to the American Federation of Labor on December 8, 1886.
3. American Federation of Labor
The American Federation of Labor was the first federation of labor unions in the United States. It was founded in Columbus, Ohio, in May 1886 by an alliance of craft unions disaffected from the Knights of Labor, a national labor association. Samuel Gompers of the Cigar Makers' International Union was elected president of the Federation at its founding convention and was reelected every year except one until his death in 1924. The AFL was the largest union grouping in the United States for the first half of the 20th century, even after the creation of the Congress of Industrial Organizations by unions that were expelled by the AFL in 1935 over its opposition to industrial unionism. While the Federation was founded and dominated by craft unions throughout the first fifty years of its existence, many of its craft union affiliates turned to organizing on an industrial union basis to meet the challenge from the CIO in the 1940s. In 1955, the AFL merged with its longtime rival, the Congress of Industrial Organizations, to form the AFL-CIO, a federation which remains in place to this day.
1.Open shop editorials ..
1908. at Washington, D.C.
2.The American labor movement
1914. at Washington, D.C.
3.Mr. Gompers under cross examination
1922. at New York City (92 pages)
1925. at New York City
1943. at New York City
1957. at New York City (334 pages)
5.70 Years of Life and Labor
1984. at Ithaca
6.The Samuel Gompers Papers, Vol. 2: The Early Years of the American Federation of Labor, 1887 90
1990. by University of Illinois Press