Sergei Korolev Scientist

Sergey korolyov

Sergei Pavlovich Korolev (Russian: Серге́й Па́влович Королёв, Ukrainian: Сергі́й Па́влович Корольо́в, Serhiy Pavlovych Korolov, also transliterated as Sergey Pavlovich Korolyov; born 12 January [O.S. 30 December 1906] 1907 in Zhytomyr, Russian Empire (now Ukraine); died 14 January 1966 in Moscow, USSR) was the lead Soviet rocket engineer and spacecraft designer in the Space Race between the United States and the Soviet Union during the 1950s and 1960s. He is considered by many as the father of practical astronautics. Although Korolev was trained as an aircraft designer, his greatest strengths proved to be in design integration, organization and strategic planning. Arrested for alleged mismanagement of funds (he spent the money on unsuccessful experiments with rocket devices), he was imprisoned in 1938 for almost six years, including some months in a Kolyma labour camp. Following his release, he became a recognized rocket designer and a key figure in the development of the Soviet ICBM program. He was then appointed to lead the Soviet space program, made Member of Soviet Academy of Sciences, overseeing the early successes of the Sputnik and Vostok projects.

Personal details

Date of birth
January 12th, 1907
Nationality
Russia,Soviet Union
Date of death
January 14th, 1966 at age of 59
Place of death
Moscow, Russia
Cause of death
Tumor
Ethnicity
Ukrainians,Russian
Places lived
Odessa , Ukraine
pop. 1,003,705 (2011)
Nizhyn , Ukraine
pop. 76,625 (2001)
Moscow , Russia
pop. 11,979,529 (2013)

Family

Parents
Spouses
Children

Education

1. Kyiv Polytechnic Institute Colleges/University

1924 -

The National Technical University of Ukraine “Kyiv Polytechnic Institute” (NTUU "KPI") (Ukrainian: Національний технічний університет України “Київський політехнічний інститут”) is a major university in Kiev, Ukraine.

Type National university
Founded
1898
Headquarters
37 Prospect Peremogy, 03056 - Kiev, Kiev
Official web page kpi.ua
Wikipedia article

Institution social analysis

Notable alumni by career
Notable alumni by gender

People attended Kyiv Polytechnic Institute connected by profession and/or age

b. 1939., Scientist
b. 1923., Physician
b. 1928., Politician
b. 1918., Organization leader
b. 1889., Inventor
b. 1927., Mathematician
b. 1890., Academic
b. 1885., Politician

2. Bauman Moscow State Technical University Colleges/University

1926 -

The Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Bauman MSTU (Russian: Московский государственный технический университет им. Н. Э. Баумана (МГТУ им. Н. Э. Баумана)), sometimes colloquially referred to as the Bauman School or Baumanka (Russian: Ба́уманка) is a public technical university located in Moscow, Russia. The Bauman University was founded in 1763 by the Russian empress Catherine II as a Educational Imperial House. Bauman University is the oldest and largest Russian technical university offering B.S., M.S. and PhD degrees in various engineering fields and applied sciences. Bauman University is the second oldest educational institution in Moscow after Lomonosov Moscow State University (1755).

Founded
1830
Headquarters
2nd Bauman Str., 5, 105005 - Moscow, Moscow
Undergraduates
2010. 17,000
Postgraduates
2010. 1,000
Official web page www.bmstu.ru
Wikipedia article

Institution social analysis

Notable alumni by career
Notable alumni by gender

People attended Bauman Moscow State Technical University connected by profession and/or age

b. 1935., Scientist
b. 1853., Scientist
b. 1902., Aerospace Engineer
b. 1904., Author
b. 1902., Military Commander
b. 1909., Military Person
b. 1883., Politician
b. 1897., Military Person

Employments

Company Founded Positions
PlayMotion
Video game industry, Video game
2003
Official site

Organizations founded

1. FEST

Educational Institution

Wikiedia article

FEST is a faculty of Moscow State Forest University that specializes in computer science. It was founded in 1959 by initiative of academician Sergey Pavlovich Korolev. The faculty trains specialists that can work in any sphere where computers, information and computational systems, networks and PCs, databases and databanks, expert systems, project and economy management, various electronics, office appliances and other facilities are applied. Specialist options are Applied Mathematics, Management, Automation and Direction, Instrument-making, Computer Sciences, System Analysis and Direction, Standardization and Certification.

Inventions

1.R-7 Semyorka

The R-7 was a Soviet missile developed during the Cold War, and the world's first intercontinental ballistic missile. The R-7 made 28 launches between 1957 and 1961, but was never deployed operationally. A derivative, the R-7A, was deployed from 1959 to 1968. To the West it was known by the NATO reporting name SS-6 Sapwood and within the Soviet Union by the GRAU index 8K71. In modified form, it launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, into orbit, and became the basis for the R7 family which includes Sputnik, Luna, Molniya, Vostok, and Voskhod space launchers, as well as later Soyuz/L/U/U2/FG/2 variants. The widely used nickname for the R-7 launcher, "semyorka", means "the digit 7" or a "group of seven" in Russian.

Invention on wikipedia

2.R-7 R-7 family

The R-7 family of rockets is a series of rockets, derived from the Soviet R-7 Semyorka, the world's first ICBM. More R-7 rockets have been launched than any other family of large rockets.

Invention on wikipedia

3.Sputnik Sputnik rocket

The Sputnik rocket was an unmanned orbital carrier rocket designed by Sergey Korolyov, derived from the R-7 Semyorka ICBM. On 4 October 1957, it was used to perform the world's first satellite launch, placing Sputnik 1 into a low Earth orbit. Two versions of the Sputnik were built, the Sputnik-PS, which was used to launch Sputnik 1 and later Sputnik 2, and the Sputnik, which failed to launch a satellite in April 1958, and subsequently launched Sputnik 3 on 15 May 1958. A later member of the R-7 family, the Polyot, used the same configuration as the Sputnik rocket, but was constructed from Voskhod components. Because of the similarity, the Polyot was sometimes known as the Sputnik 11A59.

Invention on wikipedia

Military service

Force Unit Rank From To
Red Army Colonel

Personal movie appearances

Title Year Appearance type Budget Awards Producers Directors Writers
First Orbit
2011 Archive Footage

Awards won

1971 Lenin Prize

Awarded for Presented by Discipline Award shared with

1961 Hero of Socialist Labour

Awarded for Presented by Discipline Award shared with

1956 Hero of Socialist Labour

Awarded for Presented by Discipline Award shared with

Namesakes

1.1855 Korolev

Asteroid
1855 Korolev is a main-belt asteroid discovered on October 8, 1969 by L. Chernykh at Nauchnyj.
Discoverers Date of discovery Discovery site Orbits Star system
1969-10-08
Crimean Astrophysical Observatory
Sun
Solar System

2.Korolev

Impact crater
Korolev is a large lunar crater of the walled plain type, named for Soviet rocket engineer Sergey Korolyov. It lies on the far side of the Moon, and the northern part of its floor crosses the lunar equator. Notable nearby craters include Galois just to the southeast, Das to the south-southeast, Doppler attached to the southern rim, and Kibal'chich to the northeast. The outer rim of Korolev is heavily worn and eroded, with a multitude of small craterlets lying across the wide rim and the low inner wall. The interior floor is relatively flat compared to the surrounding terrain, but is pock-marked with many craters of varying sizes. The most notable of these interior craters are Korolev M in the southern part of the floor, and Korolev D next to the northeast rim. Within the interior of Korolev is the remains of a second, inner ring. This is roughly half the diameter of the outer wall, and is the most intact in the eastern half. Here it forms a curving arc of ridges across the floor. At the midpoint of the formation, there is nothing resembling a central peak. However the craters Korolev B, Korolev T, and Korolev L lie within the diameter of the inner ring.
Located on Planetographic feature
Moon
Impact crater

3.Korolev

Extraterrestrial location
Korolev Crater is a crater in the Mare Boreum quadrangle of Mars, located at 73° north latitude and 195.5° west longitude. It is 84.2 km in diameter and was named after Sergey Pavlovich Korolev, the head Soviet rocket engineer and designer during the Space Race in the 1950s and 1960s.
Located on
Mars

4.S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia

Aerospace Business
OAO S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia, also known as RSC Energia, is a Russian manufacturer of spacecraft and space station components. The company is the prime developer and contractor of the Russian manned spaceflight program; it also owns a majority of Sea Launch. Its name is derived from Sergei Korolev, the first chief of its design bureau, and the Russian word for energy.
Headquarters
4A Lenin Street, Moscow, Russia

Wikipedia

Check Sergei Korolev on wikipedia.

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