Sergei Korolev Scientist
Sergei Pavlovich Korolev (Russian: Серге́й Па́влович Королёв, Ukrainian: Сергі́й Па́влович Корольо́в, Serhiy Pavlovych Korolov, also transliterated as Sergey Pavlovich Korolyov; born 12 January [O.S. 30 December 1906] 1907 in Zhytomyr, Russian Empire (now Ukraine); died 14 January 1966 in Moscow, USSR) was the lead Soviet rocket engineer and spacecraft designer in the Space Race between the United States and the Soviet Union during the 1950s and 1960s. He is considered by many as the father of practical astronautics. Although Korolev was trained as an aircraft designer, his greatest strengths proved to be in design integration, organization and strategic planning. Arrested for alleged mismanagement of funds (he spent the money on unsuccessful experiments with rocket devices), he was imprisoned in 1938 for almost six years, including some months in a Kolyma labour camp. Following his release, he became a recognized rocket designer and a key figure in the development of the Soviet ICBM program. He was then appointed to lead the Soviet space program, made Member of Soviet Academy of Sciences, overseeing the early successes of the Sputnik and Vostok projects.
|Date of birth|
|January 12th, 1907|
1. Kyiv Polytechnic Institute Colleges/University
The National Technical University of Ukraine “Kyiv Polytechnic Institute” (NTUU "KPI") (Ukrainian: Національний технічний університет України “Київський політехнічний інститут”) is a major university in Kiev, Ukraine.
|Official web page||kpi.ua|
Institution social analysis
People attended Kyiv Polytechnic Institute connected by profession and/or age
2. Bauman Moscow State Technical University Colleges/University
The Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Bauman MSTU (Russian: Московский государственный технический университет им. Н. Э. Баумана (МГТУ им. Н. Э. Баумана)), sometimes colloquially referred to as the Bauman School or Baumanka (Russian: Ба́уманка) is a public technical university located in Moscow, Russia. The Bauman University was founded in 1763 by the Russian empress Catherine II as a Educational Imperial House. Bauman University is the oldest and largest Russian technical university offering B.S., M.S. and PhD degrees in various engineering fields and applied sciences. Bauman University is the second oldest educational institution in Moscow after Lomonosov Moscow State University (1755).
|Official web page||www.bmstu.ru|
Institution social analysis
People attended Bauman Moscow State Technical University connected by profession and/or age
FEST is a faculty of Moscow State Forest University that specializes in computer science. It was founded in 1959 by initiative of academician Sergey Pavlovich Korolev. The faculty trains specialists that can work in any sphere where computers, information and computational systems, networks and PCs, databases and databanks, expert systems, project and economy management, various electronics, office appliances and other facilities are applied. Specialist options are Applied Mathematics, Management, Automation and Direction, Instrument-making, Computer Sciences, System Analysis and Direction, Standardization and Certification.
The R-7 was a Soviet missile developed during the Cold War, and the world's first intercontinental ballistic missile. The R-7 made 28 launches between 1957 and 1961, but was never deployed operationally. A derivative, the R-7A, was deployed from 1959 to 1968. To the West it was known by the NATO reporting name SS-6 Sapwood and within the Soviet Union by the GRAU index 8K71. In modified form, it launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, into orbit, and became the basis for the R7 family which includes Sputnik, Luna, Molniya, Vostok, and Voskhod space launchers, as well as later Soyuz/L/U/U2/FG/2 variants. The widely used nickname for the R-7 launcher, "semyorka", means "the digit 7" or a "group of seven" in Russian.
3.Sputnik Sputnik rocket
The Sputnik rocket was an unmanned orbital carrier rocket designed by Sergey Korolyov, derived from the R-7 Semyorka ICBM. On 4 October 1957, it was used to perform the world's first satellite launch, placing Sputnik 1 into a low Earth orbit. Two versions of the Sputnik were built, the Sputnik-PS, which was used to launch Sputnik 1 and later Sputnik 2, and the Sputnik, which failed to launch a satellite in April 1958, and subsequently launched Sputnik 3 on 15 May 1958. A later member of the R-7 family, the Polyot, used the same configuration as the Sputnik rocket, but was constructed from Voskhod components. Because of the similarity, the Polyot was sometimes known as the Sputnik 11A59.