Shivkar Bāpuji Talpade (1864–1916) was a Maharashtrian Pathare prabhu community member who purportedly flew an unmanned airplane, named Marutsakhā ("Marut-Air or Stream of Air, Sakha Friend", said of Sarasvati in RV 7.96.2), in the year 1895 (the first unmanned heavier-than-air flight was John Stringfellow's in 1848). Talpade stayed at Dukkar Wādi (now renamed Vijay Wādi), Chirā Bazār, Mumbai (Bombay). He was a scholar in Sanskrit literature and Vedas.
It is unclear whether Talpade's craft managed to take off, and if so, whether it qualified as an heavier-than-air aircraft. According to a study by researchers at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Talpade constructed his models under the guidance of Pandit Subbarāya Shāstry, the author of Vaimānika Shāstra, but he was not successful in making any of them fly. The Times of India, in a 2004 article, quotes former principal defence scientific officer, D. H. Bedekar, as saying that, "Mr Talpade's plane for some technical reasons failed to operate to its full design limits". The article also references Velkar (1997), which quotes one of Talpade's students, P.