Swadeshabhimani K. Ramakrishna Pillai (1878–1916) was a writer, journalist, Newspaper editor, and political activist in the erstwhile princely state of Travancore (Kerala, India). He was the editor of the newspaper Swadeshabhimani (The Patriot) and hence known by the name. The criticisms against the Diwan of Travancore, P. Rajagopalachari, the Government and the Maharajah of Travancore that appeared in his newspaper irritated the authorities and eventually resulted in the confiscation of the newspaper and press and he was arrested and exiled from Travancore in 1910. He wrote Vrithantha Pathra Pravarthanam (1912), the first book on journalism in the Malayalam language. He also wrote the biography of Karl Marx (1912) in Malayalam, which was the first Marx biography in any Indian language.
K.Ramakrishna Pillai was born on 25 May 1878 (ME :1053 Edavam 16) as the youngest son of Narasimhan Potti and Chakkiamma at Neyyattinkara, Travancore state. Bharmashree Narasimhan Potti was a poojari in a temple.
Ramakrishna Pillai was born in a Nair family named Thekkekod veedu in Athiyanoor, Arangamugal ( present), in Neyyattinkara Taluk of the princely state of Travancore.