Mustapha bin Harun Politician
Tun Datu Haji Mustapha bin Datu Harun or Tun Mustapha for short, was the first governor of the Malaysian state of Sabah. He was also the third Chief Minister of the state from 1967 to 1975, and was the president for the political party United Sabah National Organization (USNO). He is considered by some to be one of the founding leaders of Sabah and was an important party in the negotiations leading to the formation of Malaysia on September 16, 1963. He also succeeded in converting a significant number of non-Muslim indigenous people in Sabah into Muslim, mainly by sponsoring mass conversion drives, by way of offering certain monetary and other benefits in return. The state government recently renamed the Sabah Foundation Building to Tun Mustapha Tower, as a token of appreciation for his contributions to the state. Tun Mustapha is of a Оrang Вajau Bannaran -Kagayan and Orang Suluk/ Tausug origin. Tun Mustapha was not born in the Philippines as many had suspected. But he is a distant relative of the Sultan of Sulu. He was born in Kampung Limau-limauan, Kudat, He is Suluk-Bajau (Bajau Bannaran /Bajau Kudat and not Bajau Ubian).
|Date of birth|
|July 31st, 1918|
1. United Sabah National Organisation
United Sabah National Organisation was a political party based in Sabah, Malaysia. The party was founded by Tun Mustapha, the third Chief Minister of Sabah. The party came into power after winning the 1967 state election. USNO remained in power until 1975 under Tun Mustapha's leadership, and until 1976 under Mohammad Said bin Keruak's leadership. Prior to the formation of Malaysia on 16 September 1963, USNO played a major role in cooperation with UPKO, led by Tun Fuad Stephens, and the Federation of Malaya, in attaining independence from Great Britain. In 1975, USNO's secretary-general Harris Salleh quit the party and teamed up with UPKO to create a new party called BERJAYA. This new party defeated USNO in the 1976 state election to form government until 1985. USNO consistently continued to participate in state elections of 1981, 1985, 1986, and 1990, winning several state electorates, however never enough to form government again. In 1994, USNO was de-registered by the federal registrar of societies. Six of its legislators joined the Sabah chapter of the United Malays National Organisation while the rest joined the opposition Parti Bersatu Sabah.
United Malays National Organisation
Official web page
The United Malays National Organisation is Malaysia's largest political party and a founding member of the National Front coalition, which has played a dominant role in Malaysian politics since independence. The UMNO emphasises as its foundation the struggle to uphold the aspirations of Malay nationalism and the dignity of race, religion and country. The party also aspires to protect the Malay culture as the national culture and to uphold, defend and expand Islam. UMNO is widely considered as backbone of Alliance Party, ruling coalition since 1951 and its successor since 1973, Barisan Nasional.