Vasily Petrovich Botkin (Russian: Васи́лий Петро́вич Бо́ткин; January 8, 1812 – October 22, 1869) was a Russian essayist, literary, art and music critic, translator and publicist.
Vasily was the son of a wealthy merchant and the brother of the well known physician Sergey Botkin. Vasily was a moderate liberal in the 1830s and 40s, associating with members of the circle of Nikolai Stankevich, and with the Westernizers, including Mikhail Bakunin, Vissarion Belinsky and Alexander Herzen. Vasily was a man of expensive tastes, a connoisseur of art and music, and a polyglot. He travelled widely in Europe, meeting well known figures such as Karl Marx, Louis Blanc and Victor Hugo.
Vasily was the first Russian publicist to acquaint Russian readers with the works of Friedrich Engels (he wrote a summary of Engels's pamphlet Schelling and Revelation, part of his series German Literature, published in 1843 in the magazine Notes of the Fatherland). He published articles on art exhibitions as well as on William Shakespeare, E. T. A. Hoffmann and George Sand.