Vladimir Frederiks

Deceased Person

Count Vladimir Borisovich Frederiks or Adolf Andreas Woldemar Freedericksz (1837–1927) was a Finno-Russian statesman who served as Imperial Household Minister between 1897 and 1917 under Nicholas II. He was responsible for the administration of the Imperial family's personal affairs and living arrangements, as well as the awarding of Imperial honours and medals. Appointed to the Ministry at the age of 60, Frederiks established a close relationship with the Tsar and the Tsaritsa, calling them 'mes enfants' in private. He was praised in this role by the French ambassador, Maurice Paléologue, who called him 'the very personification of court life'. However, in later life he became forgetful and ill, and often fell asleep during conferences. Frederiks was a strong conservative who described the deputies of the First Duma as 'a gang of criminals'. He was portrayed in the 1971 film Nicholas and Alexandra by Jack Hawkins. His private mansion in St. Petersburg was pillaged and set on fire on the first day of February Revolution. After the Revolution, Frederiks lived in Petrograd before being allowed in 1921 to leave to Finland during the last year of his life. In the late 18th century the  ( Wikipedia article )


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