William B. Kouwenhoven Electrical engineer

William Bennett Kouwenhoven (13 January 1886 – 10 November 1975), was an electrical engineer who developed closed-chest cardiac massage, part of CPR and also invented the first cardiac defibrillator. He was born in Brooklyn, and received his B.E. from Brooklyn Polytechnic in New York, and his Ph.D. from the Karlsruhe Technische Hochschule in Germany in 1913. Kouwenhoven was an IEEE Fellow, recipient of the IEEE Edison Medal in 1961. He also received the Power Life Award and the Albert Lasker Medical Research Award. He researched the electrophysiology of the heart and discovered the effects of electricity on the heart including defibrillation. While a student at Brooklyn Polytech, Dr. Kouwenhoven joined Pi Kappa Phi fraternity on February 25, 1929.

Personal details

Date of birth
January 13th, 1886
Date of death
November 10th, 1975 at age of 89
Place of death
Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
Places lived
Brooklyn , New York
pop. 2,592,149 (2013)


1. Polytechnic Institute of New York University Colleges/University

The Polytechnic Institute of New York University, often referred to as Polytechnic Institute of NYU, NYU Polytechnic, NYU Poly, or simply Poly is one of the 18 schools and colleges that make up New York University (NYU).

Institution info

Type Private school
2012. 107 mil. $
2011. 173 mil. $
Institution colors
6 MetroTech Center, 11201 - New York City, New York
2013. 2,155
2010. 1,768
2009. 1,732
2013. 2,735
2010. 2,664
Acceptance rate
2013. 75.0 %
2012. 62.1 %
2010. 68.0 %
Local tuition
2013. 41.3 K $
2010. 35.1 K $
Official web page www.poly.edu
Wikipedia article
Social media

Institution social analysis

Notable alumni by career
Notable alumni by gender
Notable alumni by party membership

People attended Polytechnic Institute of New York University connected by profession and/or age

b. 1889., Electrical engineer
b. 1940., Electrical engineer
b. 1940., Electrical engineer
b. 1915., Electrical engineer
b. 1886., Actor
b. 1881., Writer
b. 1952., Astronaut
b. 1929., Writer

Awards won

1973 Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award

Awarded for Presented by Discipline Award shared with
For his life-saving development of open and closed chest defibrillators, and for originating the technique of external cardiac massage.
Lasker Foundation
Medical research
Clinical research
Biomedical Sciences

1961 IEEE Edison Medal

Awarded for Presented by Discipline Award shared with
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers


Check William B. Kouwenhoven on wikipedia.

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