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William Cushing

Judge

William Cushing William Cushing (March 1, 1732 – September 13, 1810) was an early Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, from its inception to his death. He was the longest-serving of the Court's original members, sitting on the bench for 21 years. Had he accepted George Washington's appointment, he would have become the third Chief Justice of the United States. Born in Scituate Massachusetts to a family that had settled in adjacent Hingham in 1638, Cushing graduated from Harvard College in 1751 and became a member of the bar in Boston in 1755. Cushing's family was among the earliest settlers of Hingham. Although his family had a history of attorneyship, he seemed to have had a hard time at the beginning of his career. During that time, as well, his father, John Cushing, served on the Massachusetts Superior Court of Judicature for about 24 years. When his father resigned in 1771, Cushing took his position on the Court. However, when the American Revolution started, he had to choose between the rebels and Great Britain; unlike the rest of the court, he chose the rebels. In 1783, Cushing presided over a criminal action that virtually abolished slavery in Massachusetts, citing the 1780  ( Wikipedia article )

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Personal facts

Date of birth
1732-03-01
Place of birth
Scituate

Education

Institution From To
Harvard University
Harvard College

Death

Date of death
1810-09-13
Place of death
Scituate

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