William Merriam Burton Chemist

William Merriam Burton (November 17, 1865 – December 29, 1954) was a U.S. chemist who developed the first thermal cracking process for crude oil. Burton was born in Cleveland, Ohio. In 1886, he received a Bachelor of Science degree at Western Reserve University. He earned a PhD at Johns Hopkins University in 1889. Burton initially worked for the Standard Oil refinery at Whiting, Indiana. He became president of Standard Oil from 1918 to 1927, when he retired. The process of thermal cracking invented by Burton, which became U.S. Patent 1,049,667 on January 7, 1913, doubled the yield of gasoline that can be extracted from crude oil. The first thermal cracking method, the Shukhov cracking process, was invented by Russian engineer Vladimir Shukhov (1853-1939), in the Russian empire, Patent No. 12926, November 27, 1891. Burton died in Miami, Florida.

Personal details

Date of birth
November 17th, 1865
United States of America
Date of death
December 29th, 1954 at age of 89
Place of death
Miami, Florida, United States of America


1. Johns Hopkins University Colleges/University

The Johns Hopkins University (informally Johns Hopkins, JHU, or simply Hopkins) is a private research university based in Baltimore, Maryland, United States. The university was founded on January 22, 1876 and named for its benefactor, the philanthropist Johns Hopkins. Daniel Coit Gilman was inaugurated as first president on February 22, 1876.

Institution info

Type Private university
2013. 2.92 bil. $
2010. 2.23 bil. $
Institution colors
242 Garland Hall, 21218 - Baltimore, Maryland
2013. 5,192
2010. 5,820
2009. 5,831
2013. 15,000
2010. 15,157
Acceptance rate
2013. 16.8 %
2013. 17.0 %
2012. 17.7 %
2011. 18.3 %
2010. 20.4 %
Local tuition
2013. 45.5 K $
2010. 40.7 K $
Official web page www.jhu.edu
Wikipedia article
Social media

Institution social analysis

Notable alumni by career
Notable alumni by gender
Notable alumni by party membership

People attended Johns Hopkins University connected by profession and/or age

b. 1867., Chemist
b. 1860., Chemist
b. 1866., Chemist
b. 1949., Chemist
b. 1943., Chemist
b. 1857., Chemist
b. 1912., Chemist
b. 1938., Chemist

Awards won

1922 Perkin Medal

Awarded for Presented by Discipline Award shared with
Society of Chemical Industry


Check William Merriam Burton on wikipedia.

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